The trade in resources – such as gold, diamonds, tantalum, tin, cobalt and coal – perpetuates a cycle of conflict and human rights abuses in many fragile areas of the world. These resources end up in products that we use every day, from aeroplanes and cars to mobile phones and laptops. The EU is currently drafting a law intended to tackle this deadly trade. This briefing sets out a response from Amnesty International and civil society coalition partners to the proposal put forward by the European Council, made up of EU Member States. It explains why the Council’s proposal fails to offer an effective response to the problem.