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Iraqi authorities took no meaningful steps to bring to justice members of security forces and state-affiliated militias involved in the violent crackdown on nationwide protests in October 2019. Security forces continued to forcibly disappear men and boys, and the fate of thousands of Iraqis who were subjected to enforced disappearance in previous years remained unknown. Iraqi authorities attacked freedom of expression and prepared new laws to further curb this right. Authorities intensified their repression of LGBTI people’s rights. Protection from gender-based violence remained severely limited in central Iraq and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The majority of the 1.1 million internally displaced people in Iraq continued to live in precarious situations and unable to access basic rights.

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