In this report Amnesty International outlines multiple violations of the right to freedom of peaceful assembly by Thai authorities. Focusing on the Royal Thai Police’s management of largely peaceful youth-led demonstrations in 2020 and early 2021, it examines the use of force by authorities policing the protests. The report describes incidents in which authorities used unlawful force. It highlights police failures to take measures to prevent third parties from causing violence against peaceful protesters. The report makes recommendations to Thailand’s law enforcement agencies, government and parliament, as well as countries with bilateral relations with Thailand on steps to bring law and practice in line with the country’s obligations under international law and standards.