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Authorities escalated their crackdown on dissent, using unfounded charges against high-profile opposition figures and other critics. Parliamentarians proposed repressive legislation that threatened independent civil society organizations. Dozens of social justice and environmental protesters were unjustly prosecuted. Judicial independence, accountability and the right to a fair trial continued to be undermined. Racist remarks by the president triggered a wave of anti-Black assaults and arrests. Authorities increased interceptions at sea exponentially, conducting collective mass expulsions to the borders with Algeria and Libya. Women’s representation in parliament dropped by half. LGBTI people and human rights defenders were subjected to harassment and an online hate campaign. Tunisia’s cost of living and environmental crises deepened, directly impacting access to food and water.

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Death Penalty status

Abolitionist in practice

Retains the death penalty in law, but hasn’t executed for at least 10 years

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