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The authorities enjoyed impunity for attacks on human rights defenders and activists, and failed to investigate the unlawful killing of Thulani Maseko. Rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly were routinely violated. Opposition activists and dissenters faced unfair trials and harsh punishment. The right to health was restricted. Hundreds faced forced eviction. The government refused to allow an LGBTI rights group to register despite a supreme court ruling.

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Death Penalty status

Abolitionist in practice

Retains the death penalty in law, but hasn’t executed for at least 10 years

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