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A new National Guard was created. Although it was formally a civilian law enforcement body, it was primarily composed of military personnel and headed by an army general. A new law on the use of force did not adequately regulate the use of lethal force and firearms by law enforcement officials, as well as threatening the right to freedom of assembly. Mandatory pre-trial detention was expanded to new criminal offences. Human rights defenders and journalists were harassed, attacked and killed. Women and girls continued to face gender-based violence, including killings. Mexico promised to adopt a human rights-based approach to migration, but, under threat of commercial tariffs by the USA, reversed course, with severe consequences for migrants and asylum-seekers. Impunity persisted for human rights violations and crimes under international law.

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Death penalty status

Abolitionist for all crimes

Does not use the death penalty


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