© Andressa Andressa/Amnesty International
  • Country profile


The openly anti-human rights rhetoric developed by President Bolsonaro in the 2018 electoral campaign was put into practice through administrative and legislative measures by federal and state governments. The year also saw an increase in the number of killings by police on active duty; severe environmental crises in the Amazon disproportionately affecting Indigenous peoples, Quilombolas and other local traditional communities; attempts to curtail the activities of civil society organizations; and threats against and killings of human rights defenders. The authorities failed to provide an adequate response to a whole range of human rights violations.

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Death penalty status

Abolitionist for ordinary crimes only

Retains the death penalty only for serious crimes, such as those committed during times of war


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