© Tessa Laing
  • Country profile


The government continued to target political dissidents subjecting them to intimidation, harassment and arbitrary arrest and detention. Restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of political opposition members, journalists, human rights defenders and students. Violations of the right to housing, and the use of forced evictions were prevalent in many districts. Killings, violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity was widespread. A minister threatened to re-introduce the “homosexuality bill” which would impose the death penalty in some cases of same-sex sexual activity.

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Death penalty status


Retains the death penalty in law


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