Thousands of people fled fighting and sought refuge in neighbouring countries. Fighting between ethnic groups, clans and sub-clans surged across the country and sporadic clashes between parties to the armed conflict continued, mainly in the south. All parties to the conflict perpetrated serious violations of international human rights and humanitarian law, including the killing of civilians, the recruitment and use of children and acts of sexual violence. Impunity for human rights violations remained the norm. The security forces continued to arbitrarily arrest and detain actual and perceived government opponents and other critics. The government continued to fail in its obligation to respect and protect the right to health.
Death penalty status
Retains the death penalty in law
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