Ukrainian authorities must act swiftly and decisively to bring to justice perpetrators of two fatal attacks against Roma. On 23 June, masked men armed with knives and other weapons raided a Roma camp in Lviv, which left one man dead and four injured, including a 10 year-old-boy. On 1 July, unidentified assailants stabbed and killed a 30-year-old Roma woman in Berehove, Zakarpattya region. Both attacks follow a surge in violence by far-right groups against Roma and other groups including women’s rights activists, LGBTI people and journalists. The attacks have fuelled a climate of impunity as they have been largely unaddressed by the Ukrainian authorities.