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Military conflict with Azerbaijan, in which both sides committed war crimes and carried out indiscriminate attacks in populated areas, resulted in numerous civilian deaths, injuries and displacement. Freedoms of expression and peaceful assembly were restricted by the state of emergency introduced to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic, and by martial law declared because of the conflict. Environmental concerns remained regarding the Amulsar gold mine, amid demonstrations which saw dozens of peaceful protesters arrested and fined.

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Death penalty status

Abolitionist for all crimes

Does not use the death penalty



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