© Ema Anis for Amnesty International
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The authorities intensified their crackdown on the right to freedom of expression. Enforced disappearances remained pervasive, with no one held accountable for them. The government failed to uphold its commitments to legislate against torture and enforced disappearances. Violence against women and girls remained widespread. Parliament blocked attempts to restrict child marriage. Religious minorities continued to be prosecuted under blasphemy laws and attacked by non-state actors. The fight for climate justice took to the streets, with popular mobilizations in major cities calling on the government to show leadership both at home and abroad for one of the world’s most climate-vulnerable countries. Air pollution reached hazardous levels in major cities, posing risks to people’s rights to health, life and, in the case of children, education.

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Death penalty status


Retains the death penalty in law


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