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Political volatility increased and authorities continued their assault on dissenting voices, political opposition and people critical of the government and the military establishment. Human rights violations such as enforced disappearances, arbitrary arrests and detentions, excessive restrictions on protests and violence against religious minorities continued unabated with little or no justice for victims. Transgender people faced an onslaught of violence, harassment and discrimination following a vicious disinformation campaign and the targeting of legislation that protects their rights. Pakistan battled increased incidents of extreme weather and natural disasters due to climate change.

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Death Penalty status


Retains the death penalty in law

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