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  • Country profile


Serious human rights violations occurred across Myanmar as internal armed conflict between the military and ethnic armed groups continued. Indiscriminate airstrikes and shelling by the military took place in Rakhine and Chin States and thousands of civilians were displaced. Humanitarian groups faced severe restrictions on their activities, which limited their access to at-risk populations. The authorities imposed undue restrictions on access to information in Rakhine and Chin States, which negatively impacted the ability of communities to receive potentially lifesaving information, during both the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing armed conflict. Persecution of human rights defenders continued around the country. Authorities imposed arbitrary restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly.

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Death penalty status

Abolitionist in practice

Retains the death penalty in law, but hasn’t executed for at least 10 years


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