The security forces and opposition members and supporters committed human rights abuses with impunity, including killings, torture and other ill-treatment. Thousands of refugees fled to Malawi and Zimbabwe. People expressing dissent or criticizing human rights violations, political and military instability or the country’s hidden debts faced attacks and intimidation.
Death penalty status
Abolitionist for all crimes
Does not use the death penalty
Analysis, opinion, personal stories and more.
Reports, briefings, urgent actions and UN submissions