© Toby Smith/EIA/GW
  • Country profile


There was widespread poverty; access to food, water, health care and education was restricted. Prison conditions remained harsh; the excessive use of pre-trial detention persisted. The criminal justice system continued to be used to harass and intimidate human rights defenders and journalists, and restrict their freedom of expression, particularly those working on environmental and corruption issues.

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Death penalty status

Abolitionist for all crimes

Does not use the death penalty