Militias, armed groups and security forces committed serious violations of international humanitarian law, including war crimes. Fighting in and around Tripoli between forces and militias loyal to the Government of National Accord (GNA) and the Libyan National Army (LNA) killed scores of civilians, injured hundreds more and displaced tens of thousands. Militias, armed groups and security forces arbitrarily detained thousands of people, most indefinitely without any judicial process. They also took some hostage for ransoms or to press for the release of a detainee or captive. Torture and other ill-treatment were widespread in prisons, detention centres and unofficial places of detention. Militias, armed groups and security forces suppressed freedom of expression by harassing, abducting and attacking politicians, journalists, human rights defenders and other activists; one journalist was unlawfully killed and 10 others arbitrarily detained. The Libyan authorities failed to protect women from gender-based violence at the hands of militias and armed groups. Intimidation, threats and violence against lawyers and judges by armed groups and militias seriously undermined the judicial system. The situation for tens of thousands of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants remained bleak, as they were exposed to arbitrary arrest and abduction by militias and were regularly the victims of human trafficking and abuses by criminal groups. The authorities continued to unlawfully detain thousands of people in centres where they were subjected to exploitation, forced labour, torture and other ill-treatment. People were targeted by security forces, armed groups and militias because of their sexual orientation. Courts continued to hand down death sentences; no executions were reported.
Death penalty status
Retains the death penalty in law
Analysis, opinion, personal stories and more.
Europe’s shameful failure to end the torture and abuse of refugees and migrants in Libya
More evidence of abuses in Libya should spur EU to help people seeking safety
European leaders are manufacturing a "migration crisis" for political gain
Digitally dissecting atrocities – Amnesty International’s open source investigations
SARA HASHASH AND MOHAMMED ABUNAJELA
Middle East and North Africa Media Managers, +44 (0) 7831 640170, +44 (0) 7961 421555 firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Amnesty International Secretariat OfficeView All Contact Info
Reports, briefings, urgent actions and UN submissions