© Valery Sharifulin/TASS /Getty Images
  • Country profile


The right to freedom of expression remained severely restricted. Torture and other ill-treatment was committed in pre-trial detention and prisons, sometimes resulting in death. There was no attempt to address enforced disappearances and incommunicado detention. The right to housing was widely violated. Consensual same-sex relations between men remained a criminal offence.

Read more

Death penalty status

Abolitionist for all crimes

Does not use the death penalty



Analysis, opinion, personal stories and more.

Media enquiries

Aleksander Artemev

Media Manager, Russia and Eurasia, +7 495 6901852

Our Offices

Amnesty International Secretariat Office

View All Contact Info