© Shirukhan Adam
  • Country profile


The crackdown on the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly continued. Authorities used the criminal justice system to silence political opponents, as well as human rights defenders, journalists and civil society. The lack of independence of the judiciary remained a concern. The President reaffirmed that executions would resume after more than 60 years.

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Death penalty status

Abolitionist in practice

Retains the death penalty in law, but hasn’t executed for at least 10 years


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