© UNHCR/Daniele Volpe
  • Country profile


Thousands continued to flee the country to escape high levels of inequality and violence. Human rights defenders, in particular those working on land, territorial and environmental issues, were at great risk and faced smear campaigns. Impunity and corruption persisted, undermining public trust in local authorities and hindering access to justice. Recent progress to consolidate the criminal justice system and the rule of law was challenged. High-profile cases of past crimes under international law remained stalled.

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Death penalty status

Abolitionist for ordinary crimes only

Retains the death penalty only for serious crimes, such as those committed during times of war


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Duncan Tucker

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