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Human rights violations were carried out in the context of controversial constitutional change and disputed presidential election results. Dozens of people were killed by members of defence and security forces during demonstrations, while alleged perpetrators enjoyed impunity. Members of opposition political parties and pro-democracy activists were arbitrarily arrested and detained. The rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly were restricted. Prisoners’ rights to health were undermined by chronic overcrowding and poor detention conditions.

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Death penalty status

Abolitionist for all crimes

Does not use the death penalty


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