• Country profile


Serious human rights violations and abuses persisted, with politically motivated attacks on opponents in the run-up to the 2020 elections. There were severe restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression and association. Media workers, political opponents and human rights defenders were among those particularly targeted. Members of the Imbonerakure (the ruling party’s youth wing) were suspected to be the main perpetrators of violations and abuses, as well as the National Intelligence Service (SNR) and police. Discriminatory measures were imposed on women and girls, who were also subjected to sexual violence mainly by state actors. The humanitarian situation remained dire and millions who faced food insecurity were in need of humanitarian assistance.

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Death penalty status

Abolitionist for all crimes

Does not use the death penalty


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Catherine Mgendi

East Africa Media Manager, +254 (0) 20 428 30 20

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