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Members of the opposition, media critical of the government and NGOs were attacked, intimidated and wiretapped amid an atmosphere of impunity. Concerns persisted over a lack of judicial independence, selective justice and politically motivated prosecution of government opponents. Construction of the controversial Namakhvani hydropower plant was halted following protests. Labour rights abuses and violations were widespread and amplified by Covid-19 related restrictions. Violations in the breakaway territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia/Tskhinvali Region included restrictions on freedom of movement and torture and other ill-treatment.

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