Uncovering the Iceberg: The Digital Surveillance Crisis Wrought by States and the Private Sector

The Pegasus Project has revealed how states’ use of the targeted digital surveillance tools supplied by NSO Group threatens human rights. In this briefing, Amnesty International highlights key insights, such as the improper breadth of targeting under international human rights law; the tool’s clandestine nature; the severe resulting human rights violations; states and companies’ impunity; and states’ failure to protect their residents from illegal hacking and surveillance. Finally, Amnesty International puts forward recommendations on the way forward, given the demonstrated need for independent oversight of the targeted digital surveillance industry, accountability for human rights violations, and greater transparency.

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