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The government’s response to COVID-19 raised human rights concerns including in relation to policing, the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and the right to education. Roma continued to experience systemic discrimination, and some faced excessive use of force and ill-treatment by police. The Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional the law adopted in June by Parliament prohibiting the teaching about gender identity. The European Court of Human Rights found the authorities had acted unlawfully in deporting two Pakistani men.

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Death penalty status

Abolitionist for all crimes

Does not use the death penalty


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