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Further information on EXTRA 49/93 (EUR 59/01/93, 24 May and follow-up EUR 59/03/93, 15 October) - Moldova: legal concern / death penalty: Ilie Ilascu, Alexandru Lesco, Tudor Petrov-Popov, Andrei Ivantoc, Petre Godiac, Vladimir (Viaceslav) Garbuz

, Index number: EUR 59/005/1993

On 9 December 1993 the Supreme Court of the self-proclaimed Dnestr-Moldovan Republic (DMR) sentenced Ilie Ilascu to death and his five co-defendants to prison terms ranging from two to 15 years. The six had been accused of terrorist acts. AI is concerned that the six men may not have received a fair trial and were reportedly sentenced without right of appeal. AI is also concerned about reports suggesting that some were initially denied a defence lawyer and beaten or otherwise ill-treated to exact confessions. All but Vladimir Garbuz pleaded not guilty and withdrew any confessions on the grounds that they had been made under duress.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 59/05/93
Distr: UA/SC
10 December 1993
Further information on EXTRA 49/93 (EUR 59/01/93, 24 May 1993) - and follow-up:
EUR 59/03/93, 15 October 1993
- Legal Concern/Death Penalty
MOLDOVA:Ilie ILASCU
Alexandru LESCO
Tudor PETROV-POPOV
Andrei IVANTOC
Petre GODIAC
Vladimir (Viaceslav) GARBUZ
On 9 December 1993 the Supreme Court of the self-proclaimed Dnestr-Moldovan
Republic (DMR) sentenced Ilie Ilascu to death, and his five co-defendants to
terms of imprisonment ranging from two to 15 years'. The six men had been
accused of terrorist acts, including the murder of two DMR officials, in a
trial which opened in April 1993. According to initial reports, the sentences
were passed without right of appeal, and Amnesty International fears that Ilie
Ilascu may therefore face imminent execution.
Amnesty International is also concerned that the six men may not have received
a fair trial in line with international standards, amid allegations that some
were initially denied access to a defence lawyer and were beaten or otherwise
ill-treated in order to extract confessions. All except Vladimir Garbuz
pleaded not guilty and withdrew any confessions made on the grounds that they
had been made under duress.
An area in the east of the former Soviet republic of Moldova, the DMR is not
recognized internationally and does not itself recognize the authority of the
Moldovan court system on the territory it controls. Amnesty International takes
no position on territorial disputes and is approaching the DMR officials solely
in their position as de facto authority over the area of Moldova under their
control. It is urging the DMR authorities not to carry out the death sentence
on Ilie Ilascu.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in English, Russian or your own language:
- urging the DMR authorities to commute the death sentence passed on Ilie Ilascu;
- expressing concern that Ilie Ilascu appears to have been denied the right
to appeal against his death sentence to a court of higher jurisdiction, in
accordance with internationally-agreed human rights standards;
-urging a comprehensive investigation into allegations that the confessions
of Alexandru Lesco, Tudor Petrov-Popa, Andrei Ivantoc and Petre Godiac were
extracted under duress.
APPEALS TO:
1) Igor Nikolayevich Smirnov
President
Dom sovetov
ul. 25 oktyabrya, 101
278000 Tiraspol
Moldova
2
Telegrams: Moldova, 278000 Tiraspol, ul. 25 oktyabrya, Prezidentu Smirnovu
I.N.
Salutation: Dear President
2) Boris Luchik
Procurator
ul. 25 oktyabrya, 101
278000 Tiraspol
Moldova
Telegrams: Moldova, 278000 Tiraspol, ul. 25 oktyabrya, Prokuroru Luchiku B.
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Dumitru Postovan
Procurator General
Procuratura Respublicii Moldova
str. Mitropolit Banulescu-Bodoni, 26
277612 or. Chisinau, Moldova
Ion Podnaru
Minister of Foreign Affairs
of the Republic of Moldova
Piata Marii Advnari Nationale 1
277033 Chisinau
Moldova
Faxes: +0422 232302
and to diplomatic representatives, if any, of Moldova accredited to your country
(usually to be found at the Russian Embassy, formally the Embassy of the USSR).
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 7 January 1993.

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