Malaysia is ‘home’ to between 90,000 and 170,000 refugees and asylum-seekers, most of whom end up living in its urban centres. They come to Malaysia seeking safety, having fled situations of torture, persecution or death threats. But once they arrive, they are abused, exploited, arrested and locked-up – in effect treated like criminals. This report focuses on the human rights violations experienced by refugees and asylum-seekers in Malaysia. These rights must be respected in line with international standards. A coherent migration policy should be implemented.