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Further information on UA 278/94 (EUR 63/16/94, 19 July) - Bosnia-Herzegovina: fear of ill-treatment / fear of deliberate and arbitrary killings: Sulejman Skokic, Kemal Skokic, Halid Adanalic, Esad Adanalic, Avdo Adanalic; and new names: Halid Velagic, Om

, N° d'index: EUR 63/017/1994

AI has learned that Sulejman Skokic, Halid Velagic and Omer Alibegovic and possibly all the others were forcibly sent by the Bosnian Serb armed forces to the front line at Lopare to dig trenches or fight. Halid Velagic and Omer Alibegovic were reportedly wounded by a grenade and taken to hospital. Halid Velagic has since returned to Janja. No further information about the fate of the men is known to AI. Reports have been received that a curfew is in force in Janja and that those who break it risk arrest or execution. The same report claims that Bosnian Serb military officials, after having arrested and taken away Muslim men, have allegedly returned to these homes and raped the women. Reports received by AI indicate that forcible expulsion of Muslims from Bjeljina may be continuing.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 63/17/94
Distr: UA/SC
25 July 1994
Further information on UA 278/94 (EUR 63/16/94, 19 July 1994) - Fear of
ill-treatment/Fear of deliberate and arbitrary killings
Bosnia-Herzegovina:Sulejman Skoki_, Kemal Skoki_, Halid Adanali_, Esad
Adanali_, Avdo Adanali_ - also (new names) Halid
Velagi_, Omer Alibegovi_ and other Muslims in
Serb-controlled areas of north-eastern
Bosnia-Herzegovina (Janja, Bijeljina and Br_ko).
Some 50 Muslim men from the town of Janja and the surrounding area were arrested
by the Bosnian Serb authorities on 15 July 1994. Among them were the men named
above. Amnesty International has since learned that Sulejman Skoki_, Halid
Velagi_ and Omer Alibegovi_, and possibly all the others, were forcibly sent
by the Bosnian Serb armed forces to the front line at Lopare, south of Br_ko,
to dig trenches or fight Bosnian Government forces. Halid Velagi_ and Omer
Alibegovi_ were subsequently wounded by an exploding grenade and taken to a
hospital in Bijeljina. Halid Velagi_ has since returned to Janja, but did not
know what had happened to Sulejman Skoki_.
Amnesty International has no further information about the fate of the men
named above.
Movement in and out of Janja is reportedly strictly controlled by the Bosnian
Serb authorities and no one may reach the town or leave it without the
authorities' permission.
Amnesty International has also received a report that a curfew is in force
in Janja and that those who break the curfew risk being arrested or killed.
According to the same report, Bosnian Serb military officials, accompanied
by Serb civilians, after having arrested and taken away Muslim men, have
allegedly been returning to these homes and raping the women.
Another report received by Amnesty International indicates that the forcible
expulsion of Muslims from Bijeljina may be continuing. On 24 July, buses with
dimmed windows were reportedly seen passing through Janja, apparently
travelling from Bijeljina to Zvornik. Local Muslims feared that they were
carrying Muslims who had been taken from their homes by force by the Bosnian
Serb authorities. On 24 July Sarajevo radio reportedly claimed that 54 Muslim
men had been killed in Bijeljina and that 36 women were also missing.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and
airmail letters:
- expressing deep concern about reports that on 15 July Bosnian Serb forces
arrested Muslim men from Bijeljina, Br_ko and Janja, including the above-named
men from Janja, some of whom have reportedly been sent to fight, against their
will, Bosnian Government forces;
- urging the immediate release of all those who have been detained and forcibly
mobilized against their will;
- expressing deep concern about recent allegations that Serb military officials,
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accompanied by Serb civilians, have raped women in Janja, after arresting adult
male members of their households, and urging that these allegations be
investigated and any perpetrators brought to justice.
- expressing concern about reports indicating that Muslims have continued to
be forcibly expelled from Bijeljina.
- calling for immediate action to ensure an end to all attempts to make non-Serbs
leave their homes, whether by force or intimidation.
APPEALS TO
Commander of Serbian forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina
General Ratko Mladi_
c/o Vila "Bosanka"
Dedinje, Beograd, Yugoslavia.
Faxes: Belgrade +381 11 669 867 or +381 11 235 1213
Faxes: Pale, near Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina: +381 71 783 442*
Telegrams: General Mladi_, Dedinje, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Salutation: Dear General Mladi_
Vice-President of the de facto Bosnian Serb Government (understood to be
responsible for human rights questions)
Vitomir Popovi_
c/o Vila "Bosanka"
Dedinje, Beograd, Yugoslavia.
Faxes : Belgrade +381 11 669 867 or +381 11 235 1213
Faxes: Banja Luka, Bosnia-Herzegovina: +381 78 30 314*
Telegrams: Vitomir Popovi_, Dedinje, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
(* it may not be easy to get a connection)
Salutation: Dear Mr Popovi_
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
The representative of the Bosnian Serbs
Dr Radovan Karad_i_
c/o Vila "Bosanka"
Dedinje, Beograd, Yugoslavia.
Faxes: Belgrade - +381 11 669 867
The president of Janja municipal assembly
Predsednik
Skupština opštine
76316 Janja
Republika Srpska
The president of Bijeljina municipal assembly
Predsednik
Skupština opštine
76300 Bijeljina
Republika Srpska
and to diplomatic representatives of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
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or your section office, if sending appeals after 5 September 1994.

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