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EXTRA 74/92 - Turkey: fear of torture: Diyadin Koc

, N° d'index: EUR 44/083/1992

AI has learned that Diyadin Koc, a 30-year-old electrician and board member of the People's Labour Party (HEP) in Diyarbakir, was detained on 15 August 1992; the place of his detention is not known to AI. The organization is concerned about reports that he has been severely tortured. Under current legislation he may be held until 15 September 1992. Scores of people are reported to have been arrested in the Kurdish provinces under State of Emergency around 15 August, the anniversary of the day when the PKK started its insurgency eight years ago.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/83/92
Distr: UA/SC
EXTRA 74/92 Fear of Torture 4 September 1992
TURKEY: Diyadin Koç, electrician aged 30
Amnesty International has recently learned that on 15 August 1992, Diyadin
Koç, board member of the People's Labour Party (HEP) in Diyarbak_r, was detained.
It is not known to Amnesty International where in Diyarbak_r he is being held
in incommunicado detention. He is said to have been severely tortured
[presumably witnessed by fellow-detainees who have been released meanwhile]
and his family fear for his life. Under current legislation he may be held
until 15 September.
On and around 15 August, the anniversary of the day when the Kurdish Workers'
Party (PKK) started its insurgency against the security forces eight years
ago, scores of people were detained in the Kurdish provinces under State of
Emergency.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Turkey has a Kurdish ethnic minority which is estimated to number some 10 million
people, living mainly in southeastern Turkey. Since August 1984, when guerrillas
of the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK) started armed attacks against the security
forces, an alarming number of reports of ill-treatment of detainees by the
security forces have come from the eastern and southeastern provinces.
Furthermore, allegations of over 100 extrajudicial executions have been
received during the past 12 months. More than 4,000 lives have so far been
lost on both sides and among the civilian population in the context of the
continuing fighting. Emergency legislation is in force in 10 provinces in the
region and the Emergency Legislation Governor in Diyarbakir has extraordinary
powers over three additional provinces.
Turkey ratified the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture on 25
February 1988 and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988. However,
all information available to Amnesty International indicates that torture is
still widespread and systematic in Turkey. Most allegations relate to
ill-treatment of detainees in police custody during their initial interrogation
when they are usually denied access to relatives or a lawyer. In August 1990,
the government derogated from Articles 5, 6, 8, 10, 11 and 13 of the European
Convention on Human Rights, all of which contain important safeguards for human
rights. Under current legislation the maximum period a detainee may be held
before being formally charged or released is 24 hours; in cases involving three
or more suspects or due to the 'nature of the crime' it may be extended to
15 days. This period may be extended to 30 days in areas under emergency
legislation or martial law. A State of Emergency is in force in Diyarbak_r
province.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- urging that Diyadin Koç is granted prompt access to his family and lawyer;
- seeking assurances that he is not ill-treated while being held in police
custody;
- requesting to be informed of any charges brought against him.
page 2 of EXTRA 74/92...
APPEALS TO:
1. Emergency Legislation Governor:
Mr Ünal Erkan
Ola_anüstü Hal Valisi
Diyarbak_r, Turkey
Telegrams: Olaganustu Hal Valisi, Diyarbakir, Turkey
Telexes: 72110 OHVT TR; 72084 DYVA TR "please forward to the Governor";
72090 JASY TR
Salutation: Dear Governor
2. Minister of the Interior:
Mr _smet Sezgin
_çi_leri Bakanl___
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 46369 ICSL TR
Faxes: + 90 4 418 1795
Salutation: Dear Minister
3. Prime Minister:
Mr Süleyman Demirel
Office of the Prime Minister
Ba_bakanl_k
06573 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 44061/44062/44063 bbmt tr; 42099 basb tr; 42875 bbk tr
Faxes: + 90 4 417 04 76 PRIME MINISTER; + 90 4 230 88 96 (attn: Prime
Minister)
Salutation: Dear Prime Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
President of the Parliamentary Human Rights Commission
_nsan Haklar_ Ara_t_rma Komisyonu Ba_kan_
TBMM
Ankara, Turkey
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey accredited to your country;
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 18 September 1992.

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