EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/12/92
UA 96/92 Torture and ill-treatement 23 March 1992
PERU: Jorge Nabid LEON RAMIREZ
César Augusto LEON RAMIREZ
Amnesty International is concerned about the alleged torture of Jorge Nabid León
Ramírez and César Augusto León Ramirez by members of the security forces, or by
individuals thought to be acting with their support.
According to reports, on the night of 12 January 1992, on entering his home in the
city of Ayacucho, province of Huamanga, Ayacucho department, Jorge Nabid León Ramírez,
28-year-old student of chemical engineering, was attacked by four armed men who
identified themselves as members of the Los Linces army unit. He was allegedly beaten
while being asked as to the whereabouts of four of his brothers. He was left with
several broken ribs and needed hospitalisation.
On the night of 6 March 1992, 32-year-old César Augusto León Ramírez, one of Jorge
Nabid's brothers and a student of physical education, was attacked on entering his
home by a group of unidentified men in circumstances suggesting that they were linked
to the security forces. He was allegedly hit across the nose with an iron bar and
lost consciousness immediately.
Jorge Nabid and César Augusto are brothers of Américo Carlos León Ramírez who was
detained in the city of Ayacucho on 18 April 1989 and subsequently released (See
UA 116/89, AMR 46/29/89 of 2 May 1989 and follow-up AMR 46/47/89 of 5 July 1989).
Amnesty International subsequently learned that Américo Carlos León Ramírez had been
allegedly tortured during his detention and had to be hospitalised. Américo Carlos
and his family are said to have left Ayacucho city for their own safety.
Jorge Nabid and César Augusto, who had recently returned to study in Ayacucho city,
allege that the attacks are linked to members of the army seeking to discover the
whereabouts of Américo Carlos León Ramírez, following his denunciation to the
authorities and to the Inter American Commission of Human Rights, of his detention
Over the past nine years, Amnesty International has documented a pattern of gross
human rights violations in Peru including at least 4,000 people who have "disappeared"
after having been detained by the security forces. Thousands more appear to have
been killed by government forces in extrajudicial executions. Torture and other
ill-treatment have also been frequently reported. The vast majority of human rights
violations have been carried out against a background of widespread violent abuses
by the armed opposition group Partido Comunista del Perú (Sendero Luminoso), PCP,
Communist Party of Peru (Shining Path), including the torture, mutilation and murder