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EXTRA 68/92 - Chad: death penalty: Daoud Ahmat Cherif, Awat Abdou

, N° d'index: AFR 20/010/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 20/10/92
Distr: UA/SC
EXTRA 68/92 Death Penalty 20 August 1992
CHAD: Daoud Ahmat Cherif
Awat Abdou
Two members of the Chadian security forces were sentenced to death on 18 August 1992
for murder. Amnesty International is concerned that they have no right of appeal
to a higher court and may be publicly executed in the near future.
Daoud Ahmat Cherif, a member of the Centre de Recherche et de Coordination de
Renseignements (CICR), Centre of Research and Information, Chad's feared secret
police, was convicted of shooting dead a civilian who was attempting to cross the
border illegally to neighbouring Cameroon. Awat Abdou, a gendarme, was convicted
of killing a civilian when he opened fire on a crowd in the capital, N'Djamena.
The two condemned men are believed to have been tried by a special military court
set up in April 1991 to curb growing crime, particularly by soldiers. In October
1991 three soldiers and a civilian were publicly executed by firing squad after being
convicted of criminal offences by this court; it allowed no right of appeal against
its judgments to a higher, independent jurisdiction. Amnesty International is
concerned that trials before this court may not be considered fair by international
standards as there is no right of appeal against their sentences.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Following decades of civil war, the demobilisation of thousands of armed soldiers
in Chad has led to an increase in criminal offences involving firearms, including
murders and assaults, as well as in extrajudicial executions of government opponents
and critics. Several hundred people have been executed extrajudicially by members
of the security forces since President Idriss Déby came to power in December 1990.
In March 1992 at least four and possibly several more government opponents who were
among Chadian nationals forcibly returned from Nigeria are reported to have been
extrajudicially executed while in custody in N'Djamena.
Although Amnesty International welcomes moves by the Chadian government to bring
to justice members of the security forces who have carried out extrajudicial executions
or other killings, the organization remains unconditionally opposed to the death
penalty on the grounds that it constitutes a cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment
and a violation of the right to life and is therefore calling for the death sentences
in these cases to be commuted.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/airmail letters either in
French or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the death sentences imposed on Daoud Ahmat Cherif and Awat
Abdou on 18 August 1992;
- expressing particular concern that they appear to have been convicted by a special
military court which allows no appeal to a higher, independent jurisdiction, and
referring to the safeguards adopted by the United Nations Economic and Social Council
in 1984 which stipulate that anyone who is sentenced to death shall have the right
to appeal to a higher court;
- explaining that, while Amnesty International does not condone acts of violence
and recognizes the right of governments to bring to justice those responsible for
Page 2 of EXTRA 68/92
criminal acts, it opposes the death penalty in all cases on the grounds that it is
a cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment which violates the right to life;
- appealing to the Chadian authorities to commute these sentences and not to carry
out any further executions;
- calling for a review of all legislation and procedures concerning the death penalty
with a view to reducing progressively the number of offences punishable by death
and to substitute the death penalty with other more humane punishments for violent
crime.
APPEALS TO:
1) President:
Général Idriss DEBY
Président de la République
Présidence de la République
N'DJAMENA, République du Tchad
Telegrams: President Déby, N'Djamena,
Chad
Telexes: 5201 PRESIREP KD or
53O7 PRESIREP KD
Faxes: + 235 51 4501
Salutation: Monsieur le Président de la
République / Dear President
2) Minister of Defence:
Monsier Loum Hinassou LAINA
Ministre de la Défense nationale
Ministère de la Défense nationale
N'DJAMENA, République du Tchad
Telegrams: Ministre Defense, N'Djamena,
Chad
Faxes: c/o + 235 51 4501
Salutation: Monsieur le Ministre /
Dear Minister
3) Prime Minister:
Monsieur Joseph YODOYMAN
Premier Ministre
N'DJAMENA, République du Tchad
Telegrams: Premier Ministre Bawoyeu,
N'Djamena, Chad
Telexes: 5201 PRESIREP KD or
53O7 PRESIREP KD
Faxes: + 235 51 4501
Salutation: Monsieur le Premier
Ministre / Dear Prime Minister
4) Minister of Justice:
Monsieur Youssouf TOGOIMI
Ministre de la Justice,
Garde des Sceaux
Ministère de la Justice
N'DJAMENA, République du Tchad
Telegrams: Ministre Justice, N'Djamena,
Chad
Telexes: c/o 5328 MINAFFET KD
Salutation: Monsieur le Ministre /
Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
1) Minister of Foreign Affairs: Monsieur Mahamat Ali ADOUM
Ministère des Relations extérieures
N'DJAMENA
République du Tchad
2) Human Rights Organization:
Monsieur Djondang TCHAKNONE
Président
Ligue tchadienne des droits de l'homme
BP 2037
N'Djamena, République du Tchad
3) Newspaper:
Rédacteur-en-Chef
N'Djamena-Hebdo
11 Avenue Charles de Gaulle
BP 760
N'Djamena, République du Tchad
and to diplomatic representatives of Chad accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Please check with the International Secretariat
or your section office if sending appeals after 1 October 1992.

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