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Tunisia: Further information on possible prisoner of conscience / fear of unfair trial / legal concern / torture / fear of torture: Najib Hosni

, N° d'index: MDE 30/029/1995

AI is extremely concerned at allegations that Najib Hosni has been tortured and fears that he may be subjected to further torture in pre-trial detention.

EXTERNAL AI Index: MDE 30/29/95
5 December 1995
Further information on UA 236/94 (MDE 30/18/94, 17 June 1994) and follow-ups
(MDE 30/21/94, 22 September 1994; MDE 30/17/95, 21 August 1995) -Possible
prisoner of conscience / Fear of unfair trial / Legal concern and new concerns:
Torture / Fear of torture
TUNISIANajib HOSNI, lawyer and human rights activist
Amnesty International is extremely concerned at allegations that Najib Hosni
has been tortured, and fears that he may be subjected to further torture in
pre-trial detention.
Najib Hosni has been held in pre-trial detention since 15 June 1994, beyond
the maximum period of 14 months allowed under Tunisian law, on the charge of
having falsified a land contract. On 27 October 1995, he went on hunger-strike
to protest at his illegally prolonged detention. On 29 October he was
transferred to the Ministry of the Interior in Tunis, where, on 8, 9 and 10
November, he was reportedly tortured by being suspended in contorted positions,
with his arms and legs behind his back, and hit on several parts of his body
until he lost consciousness. He was also reportedly subjected to electric
shocks. Five days later he was taken back to his cell and allegedly left without
medical attention.
The Tunisian authorities have now brought new charges against him relating
to arms trafficking. Similar charges were recently brought against Mohamed
Mouadda, the leader of the opposition party Mouvement des Démocrates Socialistes
(MDS, Movement of Democratic Socialists) (see Further information on EXTRA
118/95, MDE 30/23/95, 23 October 1995).
Amnesty International believes that Najib Hosni may be detained solely for
his dedicated and non-political work as a human right lawyer and that the charges
against him may have been brought to slander and discredit him. It fears that
he may face further torture in an attempt to force him to admit to the new
charges against him.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/
airmail letters in French, Arabic or English or in your own language:
- calling for an immediate and thorough investigation into the allegations
that Najib Hosni was tortured at the Tunisian Ministry of the Interior in early
November 1995, and for anyone found guilty of torturing or ordering torture
to be brought to justice;
- urging that Najib Hosni be granted access to medical care and legal counsel
as necessary;
- strongly reiterating that Najib Hosni has now been held in pre-trial detention
for a period exceeding the maximum 14 months allowed under Tunisian law and
that he should be immediately tried or released;
- also reiterating concern that he may be a prisoner of conscience and calling
for his immediate and unconditional release if he has been detained solely
on account of his work as a human rights lawyer.
APPEALS TO:
1) Minister of the Interior
M. Mohamed Jegham
Ministre de l'Intérieur
2
Ministère de l'Intérieur
Av. Habib Bourguiba
Tunis, Tunisia
Telegrams: Ministre de l'Interieur, Tunis, Tunisia
Faxes: +216 1 340888
Telexes: 13662 sdap tn
Salutation: Monsieur le Ministre / Your Excellency
2) Minister of Justice
M. Sadok Chaâbane
Ministre de la Justice
Ministère de la Justice
Boulevard Bab Benat
Tunis, Tunisia
Faxes: +216 1 568106
Telexes: 13000 maet tn (via Ministère de l'Intérieur)
Telegrams: Ministre de la Justice Chaâbane, Tunis, Tunisie
Salutation: Monsieur le Ministre / Your Excellency
3) Minister of Foreign Affairs
M. Habib Ben Yahia
Ministre des Affaires étrangères
Ministère des Affaires étrangères
Place du Gouvernement
La Kasbah, Tunis, Tunisia
Telexes: 14470 mafta tn, 14471 mafta tn, 14472 mafta tn
Telegrams: Ministre des Affaires étrangères Ben Yahia, Tunis, Tunisie
Salutation: Monsieur le Ministre / Your Excellency
COPIES TO:
Tunisian Bar Association
Me Abdelwaheb El Behi
Bâtonnier, Conseil de l'Ordre des Avocats
6 rue Annaba
Tunis, Tunisia
Tunisian Human Rights League
Me Taoufik Bouderbala, Président
Ligue Tunisienne des Droits de l'Homme, LTDH
21 Rue Imam el Bakri
1002 TUNIS Belvedere, Tunisia
Faxes: +216 1 801 599
and to diplomatic representatives of Tunisia accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 20 January 1996.

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