EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: MDE 24/17/92
15 June 1992
Further information on UA 45/92 (MDE 24/04/92, 11 February 1992) - and
follow-ups MDE 24/05/92 of 24 February 1992 and MDE 24/09/92 of 7 May 1992
- Incommunicado Detention/Fear of Torture and new concern - Unfair Trial
SYRIA:'Abd al-'Aziz al-Khayyir
Amjad Kallas - businessman
Jamal Salih Sa'id
'Abd al-Karim Darwish - engineer
Salama George Kila - writer and journalist
Amnesty International has received reports suggesting that 'Abd al-'Aziz
al-Khayyir and Amjad Kallas have recently been tried by the Supreme State
Security Court. This court is not bound by rules and procedures followed by
ordinary courts and its decisions are not subject to appeal. 'Abd al-'Aziz
al-Khayyir is said to have been sentenced to eight years' imprisonment. Amnesty
International has no details about the charges against him or the trial
proceedings. The organization does not know whether the other seven detained
with 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Khayyir in connection with the PCA have also been tried.
The seven are: Bahjat Sha'bu, 'Abdullah Fadil, Muhammad Ghanim, Mahmud Khadur,
Nadim Mazlum, Munzir Jum'a and Mahmud al-Khatib.
Amjad Kallas is said to have been sentenced to two or three years' imprisonment.
Amnesty International does not know whether the other four detained at about
the same time as Amjad Kallas, reportedly for their political activity, have
also been tried. The four are: Jamal Salih Sa'id, 'Abd al-Karim Darwish, Jaffan
Humsi and Salama George Kila.
All twelve prisoners reportedly continue to be held incommunicado and their
exact whereabouts are unknown to Amnesty International, although some were
thought to be detained in Fara' al-Tahqiq al-'Askari, Military Interrogation
Branch and Fara' Falastin, Palestine Branch, detention centres in Damascus.
Amnesty International calls on the Syrian government to immediately clarify
the status and the whereabouts of the twelve prisoners. In addition, the