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Further information on UA 45/92 (MDE 24/04/92, 11 February, and follow-ups MDE 24/05/92, 24 February and MDE 24/09/92, 7 May) - Syria: incommunicado detention / fear of torture and new concern: unfair trial: 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Khayyir, Bahjat Sha'bu, 'Abdal

, N° d'index: MDE 24/017/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: MDE 24/17/92
Distr: UA/SC
15 June 1992
Further information on UA 45/92 (MDE 24/04/92, 11 February 1992) - and
follow-ups MDE 24/05/92 of 24 February 1992 and MDE 24/09/92 of 7 May 1992
- Incommunicado Detention/Fear of Torture and new concern - Unfair Trial
SYRIA:'Abd al-'Aziz al-Khayyir
Bahjat Sha'bu
'Abdallah Fadil
Muhammad Ghanim
Mahmud Khadhur
Nadim Mazlum
Munzir Jum'a
Mahmud al-Khatib
Amjad Kallas - businessman
Jamal Salih Sa'id
'Abd al-Karim Darwish - engineer
Jaffan Humsi
Salama George Kila - writer and journalist
Amnesty International has received reports suggesting that 'Abd al-'Aziz
al-Khayyir and Amjad Kallas have recently been tried by the Supreme State
Security Court. This court is not bound by rules and procedures followed by
ordinary courts and its decisions are not subject to appeal. 'Abd al-'Aziz
al-Khayyir is said to have been sentenced to eight years' imprisonment. Amnesty
International has no details about the charges against him or the trial
proceedings. The organization does not know whether the other seven detained
with 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Khayyir in connection with the PCA have also been tried.
The seven are: Bahjat Sha'bu, 'Abdullah Fadil, Muhammad Ghanim, Mahmud Khadur,
Nadim Mazlum, Munzir Jum'a and Mahmud al-Khatib.
Amjad Kallas is said to have been sentenced to two or three years' imprisonment.
Amnesty International does not know whether the other four detained at about
the same time as Amjad Kallas, reportedly for their political activity, have
also been tried. The four are: Jamal Salih Sa'id, 'Abd al-Karim Darwish, Jaffan
Humsi and Salama George Kila.
All twelve prisoners reportedly continue to be held incommunicado and their
exact whereabouts are unknown to Amnesty International, although some were
thought to be detained in Fara' al-Tahqiq al-'Askari, Military Interrogation
Branch and Fara' Falastin, Palestine Branch, detention centres in Damascus.
Amnesty International calls on the Syrian government to immediately clarify
the status and the whereabouts of the twelve prisoners. In addition, the
organization calls for the immediate and unconditional release of all those
who may be held solely for the non-violent expression of their conscientiously
held beliefs, and for those who may have been charged with a recognizably
criminal offence to be guaranteed a prompt and fair hearing as required by
international standards for fair trial. Further, Amnesty International
reiterates its request for assurances that the prisoners are treated humanely,
given immediate and regular access to families, lawyers and doctors.
Page 2 of 3FU 45/92
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/airmail letters
- calling on the Syrian authorities to clarify the legal status and whereabouts
of all 13 prisoners named above and to allow them immediate access to families
lawyers and doctors;
- seeking confirmation of reports that 'Abd al-Aziz al-Khayyir and Amjad Kallas
have been tried and asking to be informed of the charges brought against them
as well as details about the trial proceedings such as the date of the trial,
articles of the law under which they were charged, whether they were defended
by lawyers of their own choosing and whether they were allowed appeal against
their sentences;
- calling for the immediate release of all those held as prisoners of conscience
(held solely for the non-violent expression of their conscientiously held
beliefs) and for prompt and fair trial for the other political prisoners.
APPEALS TO :
1. His Excellency
President Hafez al-Assad
Presidential Palace
Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic
Telegrams: President al-Assad, Damascus Syria
Telexes: 419160 munjed sy
Salutation: Your Excellency
2) His Excellency Muhammad Harba
Minister of the Interior
Ministry of the Interior
Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Damascus, Syria
Salutation: Your Excellency
3) His Excellency Khaled al-Ansari
Minister of Justice
Ministry of Justice
Nasr Street
Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic
Telegrams: Justice Minister, Damascus, Syria
Salutation: Your Excellency
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
diplomatic representatives of Syria in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 27 July 1992.

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