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Syria / Hungary: Further information on fear of refoulement / fear for safety

, N° d'index: MDE 24/016/1996

Anthony Zakaria Laki and Samuel Lado Zakaria, Sudanese asylum-seekers: The above were refouled to Sudan from Syria early last week. This was done despite repeated requests from the UNHCR office in Syria to the authorities not to refoule the two brothers.

EXTERNAL AI Index: MDE 24/16/96
16 September 1996
Further information (2) on EXTRA 137/96 (MDE 24/14/96, 28 August 1996) and
follow-up (MDE 24/15/96) - Fear of refoulement / Fear for safety
SYRIA / HUNGARYAnthony Zakaria Laki, Sudanese asylum seeker
Samuel Lado Zakaria, Sudanese asylum seeker
Amnesty International regrets to report that brothers Anthony Zakaria Laki
and Samuel Lado Zakaria, two asylum seekers from Southern Sudan, were refouled
to Sudan from Syria early last week.
This was done despite repeated requests from the UNHCR office in Syria to the
authorities not to refoule the two men. The UN Special Rapporteur on Torture
had also made an urgent appeal to the Syrian authorities, requesting them not
to expel the two brothers to Sudan. Unfortunately, the Syrian authorities appear
not to have heeded these requests.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/
airmail letters in English or in your own language:
To the Syrian authorities
- expressing concern that Anthony Zakaria Laki and Samuel Lado Zakaria were
returned to Sudan, despite repeated requests from Amnesty International and
various UN organs;
- pointing out that the internationally recognised principle of non- refoulement
is binding on all states, regardless of whether or not they have ratified
specific conventions on the rights of refugees;
- urging the authorities to establish adequate procedures whereby those
individuals at risk of serious human rights violations if returned to their
country can obtain effective and lasting protection.
To the Hungarian authorities
- expressing concern that Anthony Zakaria Laki and Samuel Lado Zakaria were
refused protection in Hungary and that they were consequently refouled to Sudan,
where they at risk of grave human rights violations;
- reminding the authorities of their treaty obligation under the 1951 Convention
Relating to the Status of Refugees to abide by the principle of non-refoulement;
- urging the authorities to remove their geographical limitation on the 1951
Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and afford protection to refugees
not only from Europe but from other regions as well;
- urging the authorities to establish an adequate procedure whereby those
individuals at risk of human rights violations if returned to their country
could obtain effective and lasting protection.
APPEALS TO: authorities listed in the original action.
COPIES TO: to diplomatic representatives of Syria and Hungary accredited to
your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 14 October 1996.

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