• Campagnes

Libya: Further information on fear of execution: Col Miftah Qarrum al-Wirfali, Lt-Col Daw al-Salihin al-Jidiq, Lt-Col 'Abdallah al-Waa'ir, Major Ramadhan al-'Ayhuri, Major Khalil Salam al-Jidiq, Sa'ad Misbah al-Zubaydi,Major Miftaf Bahr, Lt-Col Shtiwi Mif

, N° d'index: MDE 19/003/1995

AI has received reports that the nine people named above may be at imminent risk of execution. According to these reports, at the end of August 1995 members of the Revolutionary Committees held a meeting at Bani Walid, eastern Libya, during which the population was reportedly forced to attend and to sign a petition calling for the execution of the nine people named above, most of whom are from Bani Walid. It is not known whether the nine have been tried or not and their whereabouts remain unknown.

EXTERNAL AI Index: MDE 19/03/95
Further information on UA 113/94 (MDE 19/03/94, 18 March 1994) - Fear of Execution 21 September 1995
LIBYACol. Miftah Qarrum al-Wirfali
Major Ramadhan al-'Ayhuri
Major Khalil Salam al-Jidiq
Major Miftaf Bahr
Lt-Col 'Abdallah al-Waa'ir
Lt.Col Daw al-Salihin al-Jidiq
Lt.Col Shtiwi Miftah al-Mabruk
Lt.Col Mohammad al-Ghul
Sa'ad Misbah al-Zubaydi
Amnesty International has received reports that the nine people named above
may be at imminent risk of execution. According to these reports, at the end
of August 1995 members of the Revolutionary Committees held a meeting in Bani
Walid, eastern Libya, during which the population was reportedly forced to
attend and to sign a petition calling for the execution of the nine people
named above, most of whom are from Bani Walid. It is not known whether the
nine have been tried or not and their whereabouts remain unknown.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
The nine people named above were among dozens arrested and detained in the
aftermath of a rebellion by army units around the city of Misrata in October
1993. They have reportedly been held incommunicado in unknown locations. Three
of those arrested appeared on television confessing to being American 'spies'
in early March 1994. They said they were recruited as American intelligence
agents by members of the National Front for the Salvation of Libya, the country's
main opposition group operating in exile. It is believed that they were tortured
into making such 'confessions'. In Libya, spying is punishable by death.
Amnesty International opposes the use of the death penalty in all cases as
a violation of the right to life and the right not to be subjected to cruel,
inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment, as proclaimed in Article 5 of
the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/airmail
letters in English, French, Arabic or your own language:
- urging that the nine people named above should not be executed and reiterating
Amnesty International's unconditional opposition to the death penalty;
- seeking information as to the exact charges levelled against them and asking
whether or not they have been tried;
- urging that they be treated humanely and be given access to lawyers, family
members and medical care;
- seeking information as to their exact whereabouts.
APPEALS TO:
1) His Excellency Mu'ammar al-Gaddafi
Leader of the Revolution
Office of the Leader of the Revolution
Tripoli
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Telegrams: colonel al-Gaddafi, Tripoli, Libya
Telexes: 70 0901 20162 ALKHASU LY
Salutation: Your Excellency
2
2) His Excellency
'Umar Mustafa al-Muntasir
Secretary of the People's Committee
of the People's Bureau for Foreign Liaison
and International Cooperation
Tripoli
Great Socialist People's Arab Jamahiriya
Telegrams: Foreign Secretary 'Umar Mustafa al-Muntasir, Tripoli, Libya
Salutation: Your Excellency
3) His Excellency
Zanati Mohammad al-Zanati
Secretary of the General People's Congress
Secretariat of the General People's Congress
Tripoli, Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Telegrams: Excellency al-Zanati, General People's Congress, Tripoli, Libya.
Salutation: Your Excellency
COPIES TO: diplomatic representatives of Libya accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 2 November 1995.

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