EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: MDE 11/05/93
UA 406/93 Fear of Forcible Exile 18 November 1993
BAHRAIN Dr 'Abd al-'Aziz Rashid al-Rashid
Amnesty International has received reliable reports that Dr 'Abd al-'Aziz Rashid
al-Rashid, a Bahraini national, is in an imminent danger of being expelled
from Bahrain for the fourth time in the space of one week.
'Abd al-'Aziz Rashid al-Rashid, a medical doctor, has been the subject of
repeated measures to forcibly exile him from Bahrain. His first unsuccessful
attempt to return to his country was on 6 October 1991, when he was held and
interrogated for four days before his expulsion. He subsequently returned to
Bahrain on 12 November 1993 and was expelled the following day to Syria via
Kuwait. On his arrival in Kuwait, however, the authorities refused to allow
him entry as he had no valid travel documents - his Bahraini passport had expired
- and returned him to Bahrain the same day, 13 November. At Bahrain's
international airport Dr al-Rashid was refused entry once again, and expelled
to Syria. The Syrian authorities also refused him entry and returned him to
Bahrain, apparently on 14 November. On 18 November, the Bahraini authorities
sent him back to Syria, after holding him at Bahrain's international airport
for four days. It is feared that the Syrians will refuse him entry as he still
has no valid travel documents and send him back to Bahrain, where the authorities
are likely to expel him yet again.
Forcible exile of Bahraini nationals suspected of political opposition
activities remains one of Amnesty International's concerns in the country.
While dozens of Bahraini nationals were permitted to return to Bahrain after
living abroad for many years, scores more have been denied this right during
1993 and remain victims of forcible exile apparently for exercising their right
to freedom of opinion and expression.
According to information received by Amnesty International, victims
of forcible exile from Bahrain are frequently given no reason for the measures
taken against them and are denied the opportunity to appeal the decision to
expel them or challenge its legality through the courts. Not only is such
practice in contravention of international human rights standards, but it would
also appear to be in violation of Article 17 (c) of Bahrain's Constitution,
which states that it is forbidden to expel or to prevent Bahraini citizens
from returning to Bahrain.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes and airmail letters
either in English or in your own language:
- urging that measures to expel Dr 'Abd al-'Aziz Rashid al-Rashid from Bahrain