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Further information on UA 254/93 (EUR 62/22/93, 4 August; and follow-up EUR 62/25/93, 18 August) - Uzbekistan: legal concern and new concern: fear of ill-treatment: Pulat Akhunov

, N° d'index: EUR 62/027/1993

Political activist and probable prisoner of conscience Pulat Akhunov is at serious risk of ill-treatment in detention. Currently serving a total of four and a half years' imprisonment on allegedly fabricated criminal charges, he has recently been transferred to a prison camp for especially dangerous criminals. It is feared that this transfer was organized by the authorities deliberately to place Pulat Akhunov at risk of violence from his fellow inmates.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 62/27/93
Distr: UA/SC
29 October 1993
Further information on UA 254/93 (EUR 62/22/93, 4 August 1993) and follow-up
EUR 62/25/93, 18 August 1993 - Legal Concern and new concern: Fear of
ill-treatment
UZBEKISTAN Pulat AKHUNOV
(in cyrillic _____ ______)
Amnesty International fears that political activist Pulat Akhunov, who is a
probable prisoner of conscience, is at serious risk of being ill-treated in
detention. Currently serving a total of four and a half years' imprisonment
for allegedly fabricated criminal charges, Pulat Akhunov has reportedly been
transferred recently to a prison camp for especially dangerous criminals.
Amnesty International fears that this transfer was organized by the authorities
deliberately to place Pulat Akhunov at risk of violence from his fellow inmates.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Pulat Akhunov is a deputy chairman of the opposition Birlik (Unity) movement
and a former deputy to the USSR Supreme Soviet. He was born in 1962 and is
a teacher of biology by profession. He was arrested in July 1992 and tried
in December in Andizhan Regional Court for "malicious hooliganism", for which
he was sentenced to 18 months in a labour camp. It has been alleged that the
case, which concerned an alleged assault, was fabricated because of Pulat
Akhunov's opposition political activities. While in prison in Andizhan pending
the outcome of an appeal against this conviction he was charged in February
1993 with illegal possession of narcotics and with assaulting a prison guard.
It has been alleged that these charges were also fabricated. Pulat Akhunov
was tried on these additional charges and sentenced in August to an additional
three years' imprisonment.
Pulat Akhunov was apparently ordered to serve his sentence at a "reinforced
regime" corrective labour colony (there are four kinds of labour colony in
the Uzbekistan penal system, which increase in severity: "ordinary",
"reinforced", "strict" and "special"). However, he was reportedly sent in
September to a corrective labour colony in Kyzyltepinsky district, Navoi Region,
which is classified as either "strict" or "special regime", and which is used
to detain especially dangerous criminals.
During the period when there were large numbers of prisoners of conscience
in the Soviet Union, Amnesty International learned of numerous instances when
prisoners of conscience were subjected to physical attack by criminal prisoners,
acting with the connivance or protection of the authorities. Amnesty
2
International fears that the Uzbekistan authorities may have deliberately
placed Pulat Akhunov in the colony in Kyzyltepinsky district in order to expose
him to the risk of such physical attack from fellow prisoners. Furthermore,
the general conditions in this colony are said to be among the worst in
Uzbekistan.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in English, Russian or your own language:
- asking the authorities to confirm that Pulat Akhunov is being held at a
corrective labour colony in Kyzyltepinsky district, Navoi Region, which is
classified as either "strict regime" or "special regime", and if so, to state
the reasons for this;
- expressing concern for the physical safety and well-being of Pulat Akhunov,
and urging the authorities to ensure that he is not subject to any ill-treatment;
- calling on the authorities to conduct judicial reviews of Pulat Akhunov's
criminal convictions for malicious hooliganism, illegal possession of narcotics
and assaulting a prison guard.
APPEALS TO:
1. The President of Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov
Respublika Uzbekistan
g. Tashkent
pl. Mustakillik
Apparat Prezidenta
Prezidentu Karimovu
Telegrams:Uzbekistan, Tashkent, apparat Prezidenta, Prezidentu Karimovu I.A.
Faxes:+ 7 3712 39 55 25 or + 7 3712 39 54 00 or + 7 3712 55 10
Telexes:116116 BAHOR SU
Salutation: Dear President Karimov
2. Minister of Internal Affairs, Zakirzhan Almatov
Respublika Uzbekistan
g. Tashkent
ul. G. Lopatina, 1
MVD Respubliki Uzbekistan
Ministru Almatovu Z.A.
Telegrams:Uzbekistan, Tashkent, MVD, Ministru Almatovu Z.A.
Salutation:Dear Minister
3. Procurator General of Uzbekistan, Buritosh Mustafoyev
Respublika Uzbekistan
g. Tashkent
ul. Gogolya, 66
Prokuratura Respubliki Uzbekistan
Generalnomu prokuroru Mustafoyevu B.
Telegrams:Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Prokuratura, Generalnomu prokuroru
Mustafoyevu B.
Salutation:Dear Procurator General
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Foreign Minister of Uzbekistan, Saidmukhtar Saidkasymov
3
Respublika Uzbekistan
g. Tashkent
Ministerstvo inostrannykh del
Ministru Safayevu S.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 10 December 1993.

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