• Campagnes

Further information on UA 74/93 (EUR 61/01/93, 16 March) - Turkmenistan: death penalty: Yury Yurevich Ayriyev

, N° d'index: EUR 61/003/1993

Yury Yurevich Ayriyev faces imminent execution after his petition for clemency was turned down by the President of Turkmenistan, despite a leading newspaper in Turkmenistan casting doubt on the conviction. He was sentenced under article 106 of the Criminal Code only after a second hearing of the case by the Regional Court of Balkansky velyat (region) in the city of Nebit Dag. The case had originlly been sent back for further investigation by the Supreme Court on 2 September 1992 on grounds of inconsistencies in the preliminary hearing. It is alleged that witnesses' statements were distorted during the second hearing and that references to a second man's involvement were dismissed by the prosecution. Yury Ayriyev continues to protest his innocence.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 61/03/93
Distr: UA/SC
21 June 1993
Further information on UA 74/93 (EUR 61/01/93) of 16 March 1993 - Death Penalty
TURKMENISTAN: Yury Yurevich AYRIYEV
(in cyrillic ____ _______ ______)
Amnesty International fears that Yury Yurevich Ayriyev faces imminent execution
after his petition for clemency, his last avenue of appeal, was turned down
by the President of Turkmenistan last week. Yury Ayriyev was sentenced to death
for murder in November 1992 by Balkansky Regional Court. He has protested his
innocence and a leading newspaper in Turkmenistan has cast doubt on the
conviction.
Recent death penalty cases in Turkmenistan known to Amnesty International
suggest that the period from the passing of sentence, through the stages of
appeal and petition for clemency can be very short. In the last such case
known to Amnesty International, of three men also sentenced to death in November
1992, the process of appealing and then petitioning for clemency was exhausted
in less than four weeks, and they were executed in December 1992.
Yury Ayriyev was born in 1966, and comes from Nebit Dag. He was sentenced
to death under article 106 of the Criminal Code of Turkmenistan ("premeditated
murder under aggravating circumstances") only after a second hearing of the
case by the Regional Court of Balkansky velyat (region), sitting in the city
of Nebit Dag. The case had originally been sent back for further investigation
by the Supreme Court of Turkmenistan on 2 September 1992 on grounds of
inconsistencies in the preliminary investigation. It is alleged that
witnesses' statements were distorted during the second hearing and that
references to a second man's involvement, an army officer, were brushed aside
by the prosecution and the officer was never asked to appear before the court.
Numerous petitions by the community in which Yury Ayriyev lived, his old schools
and colleges, and his workplace were handed in to the Supreme Court and to
the President, pleading for his life and claiming his innocence. An article
in the official Turkmen newspaper Turkmenskaya Iskra cast serious doubts on
the conviction and the alleged guilt of Yury Ayriyev. Nevertheless the Supreme
Court and the President of Turkmenistan have turned down his appeals for
clemency.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
To Amnesty International's knowledge, the Criminal Code of Turkmenistan retains
the death penalty for 18 peacetime offences. Information about its application
is meagre in the absence of any published official statistics, although Amnesty
International has learned from unofficial sources of four executions carried
out during 1992. Execution is by shooting.
Amnesty International opposes the death penalty in all cases and without
reservation, on the grounds that it is a violation of the right to life and
the right not to be subjected to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or
punishment as proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Page 2 of FU 74/93
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in English, Russian or in your own language:
- expressing concern that Yury Yurevich Ayriyev was sentenced to death in
November 1992;
- explaining Amnesty International's opposition to the death penalty;
- urging the President to commute Yury Yurevich Ayriyev's death sentence.
APPEALS TO
1) President of Turkmenistan:
Turkmenistan
g. Ashgabat
Prezidentu Turkmenistana
NIYAZOVU S.A.
Telegrams: Turkmenistan, g. Ashgabat, Prezidentu Niyazovu
Faxes: + 3632 25 14 63
Telexes: 116338 ULKE SU
Salutation: Dear President Niyazov
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
1) Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan:
Turkmenistan
744000 g. Ashgabat
ulitsa Magtymguly, 87
Ministerstvo inostrannykh del Turkmenistana
Ministru ATAYEVU Kh.
Faxes: + 3632 25 14 63
2) Chairman of the Clemency commission of the Turkmenistan Majlis (Parliament):
Turkmenistan
g. Ashgabat
Kommissiya po voprosam pomilovaniya Majlisa Turkmenistana
Predsedatelyu
3) Chairman of the Supreme Court of Turkmenistan:
Turkmenistan
744000 Ashgabat
prospekt Lenina, 18
Verkhovny Sud Turkmenistana
Predsedatelyu ATAYEVU Kh. A.
4) Permanent Representative of Turkmenistan in Moscow:
Rossiya
g. Moskva
ul. Aksakova, 22
Postoyannomu predstavitelyu Turkmenistana v Moskve
NURKLYCHEVU N.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 21 July 1993.

Dans quelle langue voulez-vous lire le rapport ?