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UA 63/94 - Tadzhikistan: fear of extrajudicial execution / fear of torture / "disappearance": detainees in unacknowledged detention in prison camps allegedly located at Tursunzade, Shambary (Gissar district) and Kalininabad (Khatlon region)

, N° d'index: EUR 60/002/1994

There is grave concern at allegations that paramilitary forces operating unofficial prison camps have begun systematically executing the detainees held in them. The detainees are allegedly people who have "disappeared" since late 1992, although there are no reliable estimates of the numbers detained. In January 1994 the recently deceased body was found of Mirzonazar Imomnazarov, who "disappeared" in December 1992 following his arrest by pro-government paramilitary forces. He was last seen being taken in the direction of Tursunzade. In late 1993 the identity papers of Kurbonbek Nazarshoyev who "disappeared" in March 1993 after being detained by paramilitary forces, were found in Tursunzade and returned to his family. He is not thought to be alive.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 60/02/94
Distr: UA/SC
18 February 1994
UA 63/94 Fear of extrajudicial execution / Fear of torture / "Disappearance"
TADZHIKISTANDetainees in unacknowledged detention in prison camps allegedly
located at TURSUNZADE, SHAMBARY (Gissar district) and
KALININABAD (Khatlon region)
Amnesty International is gravely concerned by allegations that paramilitary
forces operating unofficial prison camps have begun systematically emptying
the camps by executing detainees held in them. The detainees are allegedly
people who have "disappeared" since late 1992. If the allegations are correct,
Amnesty International fears for the safety of all these unacknowledged detainees
who are at risk of torture and extrajudicial execution by paramilitary forces
acting with impunity.
Amnesty International has received allegations of the existence of unofficial
prison camps in at least three locations in central and southern Tadzhikistan.
The camps are allegedly run by pro-government paramilitary forces, acting
with the knowledge of the Government of Tadzhikistan. Camps are said to be
located at or near Tursunzade (formerly Regar), west of Dushanbe, the capital;
at Shambary in Gissar district, southwest of Dushanbe; and on the banks of
the Vaksh river between Kalininabad and Kurgan-Tyube in Khatlon Region,
southwest Tadzhikistan.
There are no reliable estimates of the number of people detained in these camps,
but it is alleged that the detainees are people who "disappeared" since late
1992. Furthermore, it has been alleged that recently the paramilitary forces
operating the camps have begun systematically emptying them by executing
detainees. Amnesty International knows of two cases where people who
"disappeared" are feared to have been killed after possibly being held in the
Tursunzade camp: at the end of January 1994 the body of Mirzonazar Imomnazarov,
who "disappeared" in December 1992 following arrest by pro-government
paramilitary forces and was last seen being taken in the direction of Tursunzade,
was found in Dushanbe. He had been killed recently, suggesting that he had
been held alive in secret detention for over 13 months. In late 1993 the
identity papers of Kurbonbek Nazarshoyev, who "disappeared" in March after
being taken by paramilitary forces from outside his home in Dushanbe, were
found in Tursunzade and returned to his family, who concluded that he was no
longer alive.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Tadzhikistan's civil war, which began in May 1992, left at least 20,000 people
dead and over 500,000 people displaced. Opposing forces were organized along
regional and clan as well as political lines. Appalling human rights abuses
are alleged to have been committed by all sides and at all periods of the
conflict.
In the period immediately after the capital was retaken by pro-government forces
in December 1992 hundreds of residents were extrajudicially executed or
"disappeared". The victims were mainly from the Garm district and the Pamir
region, which were identified with the opposition to the government.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/faxes/express and airmail letters
2
either in Russian, English or in your own language:
- calling on the Government of Tadzhikistan to make an immediate investigation
into allegations that people who have "disappeared" are being held in
unacknowledged detention in unofficial prison camps run by paramilitary forces
at Tursunzade, Shambary, Kalininabad and possibly other locations;
- urging that, if these camps are proven to exist, immediate and effective
steps are taken to place them under government control and make them accessible
to international monitors, and to release all detainees unharmed;
- calling on the Government to investigate all allegations of extrajudicial
executions and "disappearances";
- calling for the organizers of unofficial camps to be brought to justice in
accordance with international standards.
APPEALS TO
1. The Chairman of the Supreme Council, Imamali Rakhmonov
Respublika Tadzhikistan
g. Dushanbe
Verkhovny Sovet Respubliki Tadzhikistan
Predsedatelyu Rakhmonovu I.
Telegrams: Tadzhikistan, Dushanbe, Verkhovny Sovet, Predsedatelyu Rakhmonovu
I.
Faxes: + 7 3772 22 69 71
Salutation: Dear Chairman
2. Minister of Internal Affairs, Yakub Salimov
Respublika Tadzhikistan
g. Dushanbe
MVD Respubliki Tadzhikistan
Ministru Salimovu Ya.
Telegrams: Tadzhikistan, Dushanbe, MVD, Ministru Salimovu Ya.
Salutation: Dear Minister
3. Chairman of the State Committee for National Security, Saydamir Zukhurov
Respublika Tadzhikistan
g. Dushanbe
Gos. komitet po natsionalnoy bezopasnosti
Predsedatelyu Zukhurovu
Telegrams: Tadzhikistan, Dushanbe, KNB, Predsedatelyu Zukhurovu S.
Salutation: Dear Chairman
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Rashid Olimov
Respublika Tadzhikistan
734051 Dushanbe
MID Respubliki Tadzhikistan
Ministru Olimovu R.
The Procurator General, Mamadnazar Salikhov
Respublika Tadzhikistan
g. Dushanbe
prospekt Pravdy, 4
Prokuratura Respubliki Tadzhikistan
Generalnomu prokuroru Salikhovu M.
3
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 1 April 1994.

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