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EXTRA 04/92 - Yugoslavia: legal concern: Mentor Kaci, Sokol Dobruna, Zenel Cadiku, Delija Hagjocaj, Nuhija Bytyqi, Palusha Palushaj, Naim Krasniqi, Afrim Morina, Qerkina Peci, Sadik Mual, Sejdi Vesili

, N° d'index: EUR 48/002/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 48/02/92
Distr: UA/SC
This appeal is being sent out by e-mail/telex/fax only because it is felt that
the situation may change rapidly.
Extra 04/92 Legal Concern 14 January 1992
YUGOSLAVIA: Mentor KAÇI
Sokol DOBRUNA
Zenel CADIKU
Delija HAGJOCAJ
Nuhija BYTYQI
Palusha PALUSHAJ
Naim KRASNIQI
Afrim MORINA
Qerkina PECI
Sadik MUAL
Sejdi VESILI
Mentor Kaçi and the ten other persons listed above are ethnic Albanians from
Kosovo province in the Republic of Serbia. They were arrested in late December
1991 and have been charged with various offences including, "Association with
the purpose of carrying out hostile activities" and "Directing and infiltrating
armed groups, arms and munitions into the territory of the Socialist Federal
Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY)". Some six of them are former political prisoners.
According to a statement by two of their lawyers, the accused were denied access
to their lawyers during questioning by the investigating judge. They state
further that they have since been denied access to or communication with their
clients and have also been denied access to legal documents and written evidence.
Access during questioning was denied to the lawyers on the basis of a decision
of 21 December 1991 by the investigating judge of the District Court of Pe_.
The lawyers report that this decision cited "national security" as the reason
for refusal, but gave no further explanation.
Amnesty International is concerned that the above persons are being denied
the legal safeguards contained in Principles 15 and 18 of the Body of Principles
for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment,
which was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in Resolution
43/173 on 9 December 1988.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION:
Ethnic Albanians comprise 85 per cent of the population of Kosovo Province
in Serbia. Since 1981 many hundreds of people have been charged with offences
related to membership of or formation of groups with the alleged aim of
proclaiming Kosovo a Republic within Yugoslavia and/or bringing about the
secession of the province from Yugoslavia. Ethnic Albanians suspected of
political offences have frequently complained that they are denied legal
safeguards during investigation and that they were subject to ill-treatment
or torture. In recent years, there has been a drop in the number of major
political trials in Kosovo. However, a large number of people continue to be
imprisoned for up to 60 days for political offences which do not involve the
use or advocation of violence.
page 2 of Extra 04/92
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/faxes/airmail letters:
- expressing concern that Mentor Kaçi and ten others are reported to have
been denied access to defence counsel following their arrest;
- urging that the defendants be granted full legal safeguards in accordance
with international standards, including access to lawyers of their choice and
to members of their family.
APPEALS TO:
1. President of the Republic of Serbia:
Slobodan Miloševi_
Predsednik Republike Srbije
Maršala Tita 14
11000 Beograd, Yugoslavia
Telegrams: Predsednik Republike Srbije, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Faxes: + 38 11 682 167
Salutation: Dear President
2. Prime Minister - President of the Serbian Government:
Radoman Bo_ovi_
Predsednik vlade Republike Srbije
Nemanjina 11
11000 Beograd, Yugoslavia
Telegrams: Predsednik vlade Republike Srbije, Belgrade,
Yugoslavia
Salutation: Dear President
3. Minister of Justice of the Republic of Serbia:
Zoran _etkovi_
Ministar Pravde
Republi_ki Ministarstvo za Pravosudje i Opštu Upravu
Nemanjina 26
11000 Beograd, Yugoslavia
Telegrams: Ministar Pravde, Republi_ko Ministarstvo za
Pravosudje, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Salutation: Dear Minister
COPIES TO:
President of the Committee for the Defence of Human Rights
and Freedoms - Priština:
Adem Demaçi
Xhavit Mitrovica 15
38000 Priština
Yugoslavia
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 7 February 1992.

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