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UA 367/94 - Turkey: medical concern / ill-treatment: Mehmet Doluviran, Mehdi Yaman, Mehmet Akgul, Hasan Orak, Hanefi Haram (in intensive care in Diyarbakir State Hospital); Sahabettin Fidan, Zulfikar Bayram, Esat Dikin, Sirin Bilin, Sehmuz Karagoz, Hasan

, N° d'index: EUR 44/112/1994

At least 80 prisoners in Diyarbakir E-type Prison (for political prisoners) have been wounded, some severely, after police and soldiers entered the prison on 4 October 1994. One prisoner, 19-year-old Ramazan Ozuak, died. The police and soldiers entered the prison apparently to move some of the prisoners. When prisoners blocked the entrances to Wards 18, 27 and 31, they reportedly blew the ceilings and walls apart and fired in tear gas. The prisoners were then allegedly beaten until the morning of 5 October.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/112/94
Distr: UA/SC
UA 367/94 Medical Concern / Ill-Treatment 5 October 1994
TURKEY Mehmet Doluviran )
Mehdi Yaman )
Mehmet Akgül ) under intensive care in
Hasan Orak ) Diyarbak_r State Hospital
Hanefi Haram )
_ahabettin Fidan )
Zulfikar Bayram )
Esat Dikin ) In Dicle University
_irin Bilin (m) ) Medical Faculty
_ehmuz Karagöz ) with head injuries
Hasan Onur )
Muhyedin Pirinçlio_lu )
Ramazan Özüak, aged 19 - died
At least 80 prisoners in Diyarbak_r E-Type Prison (special prison for political
prisoners) have been wounded, some severely, after police and soldiers entered
the prison on 4 October 1994. One prisoner has died.
According to a lawyer from the Diyarbak_r Bar, who visited the prison on 5
October and talked to prisoners on Ward 29, events on 4 October proceeded as
At about 10am, large numbers of plainclothes police, uniformed police and
soldiers armed with sticks, iron bars and firearms entered the prison,
apparently with the purpose of moving some of the prisoners, currently on
hunger-strike and boycotting trial hearings, out of the prison. When the
prisoners blocked the entrances to the wards, the ceilings and walls were blown
apart, allegedly with explosives, and tear-gas was fired in. This happened
in Wards 18, 27 and 31 where 306 prisoners are being held. The prisoners were
rendered incapable, brought out into the prison yard and allegedly beaten until
the morning of 5 October. At about 5am they were put in prison vans and driven
out of the prison, towards Urfa. It is presumed that they are being sent to
Gaziantep E-Type Prison.
Seventy-two wounded prisoners were taken to Diyarbak_r State Hospital where
at least five (named above) are being treated in intensive care. Others,
including the seven named above who have head injuries, were taken to the Medical
Faculty of Dicle University in Diyarbak_r. Some are believed to have been
taken to the Military Hospital. The body of one prisoner from Ward 27, Ramazan
Özüak, arrived on 4 October at Diyarbak_r State Hospital from the prison.
There were burns on his body, but the cause of death is not known. Twelve
prisoners have meanwhile been discharged from hospital.
Reportedly, some wardens were wounded in the attack, though none of them is
believed to have been hospitalized.
Diyarbak_r E-Type Prison reportedly holds more than 1,000 Kurdish political
prisoners, on trial or convicted of activities for the Kurdish Workers' Party
PKK. In February 1994, the Justice Minister stated that some 6,500 political
prisoners were being held in Turkey and that due to the rate of arrests
this number would soon reach 10,000. The vast majority of these political
prisoners are suspected or convicted members or supporters of the PKK. For
the past 100 days, those currently on trial have boycotted PKK trial hearings
in State Security Courts all over Turkey and, as a consequence, numerous violent
incidents have been reported from the E-Type and Special Type prisons where
these Kurdish political prisoners are held.
The conflict in southeast Turkey between government forces and guerrillas of
the PKK has claimed nearly 13,000 lives since it began in August 1984. Police
operations against suspected PKK supporters are being carried out all over
Turkey. A state of emergency remains in force in 10 provinces in the east and
southeast where police and gendarmerie have the right to hold political suspects
incommunicado for up to one month.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in English or in your own language:
- expressing grave concern about the reported severe ill-treatment of 306
political prisoners from Wards 18, 27 and 31 of Diyarbak_r E-Type Prison on
4 and 5 October 1994;
- urging that all injured prisoners are given the medical treatment they may
require and that they are not discharged while still in need of treatment;
- urging that immediate investigations be carried out into the alleged
ill-treatment, and into the death of Ramazan Özüak, and that those responsible
be brought to justice, asking to be informed of the findings of these
- urging that future prison transfers are carried out in a humane manner.
Please bring to the attention of the Medical Coordinator in your Section.
1) Minister of Justice:
Mr Mehmet Mo_ultay
Adalet Bakanl___
06659 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Justice Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: +90 312 425 4066 or 417 3954
Salutation: Dear Minister
2) Chief Prosecutor at Diyarbak_r State Security Court:
DGM Ba_savc_s_
Devlet Güvenlik Mahkemesi
Diyarbak_r, Turkey
Telegrams: DGM Bassavcisi, Diyarbakir, Turkey
Salutation: Dear Sir
3) Emergency Legislation Governor:
Mr Ünal Erkan
Ola_anüstü Hal Valisi
Diyarbak_r, Turkey
Telegrams: Olaganustu Hal Valisi, Diyarbakir, Turkey
Telexes: 72110 OHVT TR
72084 DYVA TR "please forward to the Governor"
72090 JASY TR
Salutation: Dear Governor
Minister of Foreign Affairs:
Prof Mümtaz Soysal
D__i_leri Bakanl___
06100 Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: 90 312 287 1886
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 16 November 1994.

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