EXTERNAL AI Index: EUR 44/101/96
UA 164/96 Fear of "disappearance" 1 July 1996
TURKEYAbdurrahim Çelikbilek, aged 45
Amnesty International is seriously concerned for the safety of Abdurrahim
Çelikbilek who was last seen in Diyarbak_r on 24 June 1996 and has since been
missing. His family believe that he has been detained by members of the security
forces and fear for his life. Their inquiries with the Police Headquarters
and the prosecutor's office at the State Security Court in Diyarbak_r have
failed to establish his whereabouts.
On 24 June Abdurrahim Çelikbilek left his home in Diyarbak_r at 7am. At about
3pm he telephoned his wife mentioning that he was with friends in a coffee-house.
His friends later told the family that he had left on his own.
Abdurrahim Çelikbilek, who is an active member of the People's Democracy Party
(HADEP), was previously detained three times during the summer of 1994. On
one occasion he was held for 10 days, the other times for one day each. He
alleged that he was tortured in detention. Out of custody, he reported that
he was constantly being followed by the police.
Abdurrahim Çelikbilek's brother, Abdulkadir Çelikbilek, was abducted on 14
December 1994 from a tea-garden in the Yeni_ehir quarter of Diyarbak_r by
unidentified men who forced him into a car. A relative described how his body
was found a week later near a graveyard in Diyarbak_r on 21 December: "The
body was on a garbage can next to the Mardin Kap_ graveyard. There were marks
of torture all over it. The skin on the feet had been torn off with pliers.
The arms, legs and head were swollen with red swellings. The whole body was
black. There was a mark on the neck. (I asked about this at the morgue and
the doctor said that after he had been killed something had been tied round
his neck and he had been dragged). After they had shown me the body they put
me back in the car and we went to Abdulkadir's house. On the pretext of searching
it they really wrecked it. Later they were told over the radio that the prosecutor
had arrived at the body. In order to be there, they gave up searching half
way and we went again to the body. The prosecutor didn't ask me anything. He
only confirmed the place where the body had been found and it was taken to
the morgue. I was also put into a police car and we went straight to the morgue.
The policeman in the car said to me 'All the villagers from Tepecik are going
to die in the streets like this'".
Amnesty International wrote to the Turkish government regarding the case in
April 1995 and never received a reply. Abdurrahim Çelikbilek submitted an
application for investigation of this case to the European Commission on Human
Rights in Strasbourg.
On 14 February 1996 Abdurrahim Çelikbilek's son was reportedly killed in a
clash between soldiers and the PKK (Kurdish Workers' Party).
The Peoples' Democracy Party (HADEP), is a political party with a largely Kurdish
membership, which operates legally. Its predecessors HEP and DEP were closed
down by the Constitutional Court for "separatism". More than 100 members and
officials of these three parties have been killed since 1992, including the
parliamentary deputy for Mardin, Mehmet Sincar, who was shot in Batman on 4
September 1993. His assassins have never been brought to justice.