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UA 342/94 - Turkey: fear of torture: Musa Ulusoylu, Ozer Akdemir, Mehmet Ali Gurel, Aysenur Ilkiz, Devrim Osman Celebioglu, Mujdat Yilmaz, Emine Ogun Yilmaz

, N° d'index: EUR 44/099/1994

On 11 September 1994 Musa Ulusoylu, an official of the public workers' union Tum-Maliye-Sen, was detained in Ankara. The next day the other six people were also detained, and the house of Mujdat and Emine Yilmaz was sealed by police. They are being held incommunicado at the Anti-Terror Branch of Ankara Police Headquarters reportedly until 26 September and there are fears they may be interrogated under torture. Emine Yilmaz, who was recently diagnosed as having thyroid cancer, has been allowed to see her mother.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/99/94
Distr: UA/SC
UA 342/94 Fear of Torture 16 September 1994
TURKEY Musa Ulusoylu, trade unionist
Özer Akdemir, teacher
Mehmet Ali Gürel, teacher
Ay_enur _lkiz, female
Devrim Osman Çelebio_lu
Müjdat Y_lmaz
Emine Ö_ün Y_lmaz, his wife
On 11 September 1994, Musa Ulusoylu, an official of the public workers' union
Tüm-Maliye-Sen, was detained in Ankara. On the following day the other six
people named above were also taken into police custody. Müjdat and Emine Y_lmaz
were detained in the afternoon of 12 September, after which their house was
sealed by the police. A sign was put up saying that the house was a safe house
for an illegal organization. It is feared that the detainees are being
interrogated under torture.
According to the prosecutor the detainees will be held until 26 September.
Reportedly they are being interrogated for alleged membership of the illegal
organization TDKP (Turkish Revolutionary Communist Party). They are being held
at the Anti-Terror Branch of Ankara Police Headquarters and are not allowed
access to their lawyers, but Emine Y_lmaz, who recently was diagnosed as having
thyroid cancer, was allowed to see her mother. The mother reported that Emine
Y_lmaz was on hunger-strike.
Amnesty International has received many reports of torture at Ankara Police
Headquarters, the most recent in May 1994 (see EXTRA 24/94, EUR 44/28/94 and
update EUR 44/33/94 of 6 May 1994). Ankara Police Headquarters were visited
on a number of occasions by the Committee for the Prevention of Torture (ECPT)
of the Council of Europe, of which Turkey is a member. In December 1992 the
ECPT published its findings in a public statement. The ECPT announced that
during an impromptu visit to Ankara Police Headquarters they had found "a low
stretcher-type bed equipped with eight straps (four each side), fitting
perfectly the description of the item of furniture to which persons had said
they were secured when electric shocks were administered to them. No credible
explanation could be proffered for the presence of this bed in what was indicated
by a sign as being an `interrogation room' ... the delegation's discoveries
caused considerable consternation among police officers present; some expressed
regret, others defiance."
Turkey ratified the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture on 25
February 1988 and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988. Following
a programme of visits to Turkish police stations in 1990, 1991 and 1992, the
European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (ECPT - established by the
Council of Europe) reported: "In the light of all the information at its
disposal, the ECPT can only conclude that the practice of torture and other
forms of severe ill-treatment of persons in police custody remains widespread
in Turkey and that such methods are applied to both ordinary criminal suspects
and persons held under anti-terrorism provisions".
Most allegations relate to ill-treatment of detainees in police custody during
their initial interrogation when they are usually denied access to relatives
or a lawyer. Detainees held on suspicion of political offences may be held
without charge for up to 15 days. In the 10 provinces under emergency legislation
in the southeast of Turkey the maximum detention period for political detainees
may be doubled to 30 days.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/faxes/express and airmail letters
either in English or your own language:
- expressing concern for the safety of Musa Ulusoylu, Özer Akdemir,
Mehmet Ali Gürel, Ay_enur _lkiz, Devrim Osman Çelebio_lu, Müjdat Y_lmaz
and Emine Ö_ün Y_lmaz detained on 11 and 12 September 1994 and held incommunicado
at Ankara Police Headquarters;
- seeking assurances that they are not subjected to torture or any other form
of ill-treatment;
- asking to be informed of the charges brought against them.
1) Chief of Ankara Police:
Mr Orhan Ta_anlar
Ankara Emniyet Müdürlü_ü
Konya-Samsun Karayolu
Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Emniyet Mudurlugu, Ankara, Turkey
Salutation: Dear Sir
2) Minister of the Interior:
Mr Nahit Mente_e
_çi_leri Bakanl___
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: +90 312 428 4346
Salutation: Dear Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs:
Prof Mümtaz Soysal
D__i_leri Bakanl___
06100 Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: 90 312 287 1886
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 28 October 1994.

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