• Campagnes

Further information on UA 149/92 (EUR 44/44/92, 8 May) - Turkey: death threats / fear of extrajudicial exection: Leyla Zana, Sedat Yurttas, Hatip Dicle, Zubeyir Aydar, Dogu Perincek, Yalcin Kucuk, Musa Anter, Mahmut Alinak, Ahmet Turk, Sedat Edip Bucak, S

, N° d'index: EUR 44/088/1992

AI is concerned for the safety of Yavuz Binbay, President of the Human Rights Association in Van, Eastern Turkey. He has continued to receive death threats purported to come from a group calling itself "Islami Cihad-B (Islami Yumruk)", who have threatened him and many Kurdish parliamentarians, journalists and human rights workers. Yavuz Binbay is reportedly in poor health after an alleged attack by security officers who beat him almost to death in March this year; he was rescued by the local police chief. His shop was reportedly destroyed. At present he and 93 others are on trial; he is charged with unlawful assembly, demonstration, collective criminal damage, separatist propaganda and resisting arrest.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/88/92
Distr: UA/SC
11 September 1992
Further information on UA 149/92 (EUR 44/44/92, 8 May 1992) and correction to EUR
44/44/92, 11 May 1992 - Death threats/Fear of Extrajudicial Execution
TURKEY: Leyla Zana (female) [independent MP for Diyarbak_r]
Sedat Yurtta_ [MP for Diyarbakir]
Hatip Dicle [independent MP for Diyarbakir]
Zübeyir Aydar [independent MP for Siirt]
Do_u Perinçek [Publisher]
Yalçin Küçük [Writer and publisher]
Musa Anter [Writer]
Mahmut Al_nak [MP for _irnak]
Ahmet Türk [independent MP for Mardin]
Sedat Edip Bucak [MP for _anl_urfa]
Salih Sümer [MP for Diyarbakir]
Mahmut Uyan_k [MP for Diyarbak_r]
S_rr_ _ak_k [MP for Mu_]
Muzaffer Ar_kan [MP for Mardin]
Adnan Ekman [MP for Batman]
Orhan Do_an [independent MP for Cizre]
Selim Sadak [independent MP for __rnak]
Nizamettin Tonguç [independent MP for Batman]
Abdülkerim Zilan [MP for Batman]
Mehmet Sincar [independent MP for Mardin]
Yavuz Binbay [IHD president in Van]
Cabbar Laygara, lawyer from Diyarbak_r
Sekvan Aytu [IHD President in __rnak]
Bar__ Mü_takhan [correspondent for foreign newspaper]
Ha__m Ha_imi [Mayor of Cizre]
Faik Tünefan [IHD member, Istanbul]
Ömer Hazar [IHD member, Istanbul]
Dr Ata Soyer [Central Council member of the Union of
Turkish Doctors]
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of Yavuz Binbay, President of the
Human Rights Association in Van, eastern Turkey who has continued to receive numerous
death threats since those included in the leaflet purportedly issued by a group calling
itself "Islami Cihad-B (Islami Yumruk)" which means "Islamic Holy War-B (Fist of
Islam)". It threatened him and 27 other people named above, as well as journalists
of certain newspapers and the guerrillas of the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) with death.
During incidents on the occasion of Newroz, the Kurdish New Year which is celebrated
on 21 March, Yavuz Binbay, a Kurd and human rights activist, was beaten almost to
death by security officers in front of the local police chief who rescued him. He
was taken to hospital unconscious and treated in the intensive care unit for injuries
to his head and chest. He suffered six fractures to his skull and a crack in the orbit
of his eye as well as a series of heart attacks following the assault. He still requires
surgery to remove blood clots formed as a consequence of the attack. His shop was
reportedly destroyed. On 3 April he was arrested on charges of unlawful assembly and
demonstration, collective criminal damage, separatist propaganda and resisting arrest
and was sent from hospital to Elaz__ prison in a very poor state of health. The trial
in which he stands accused as one of 94 defendants, opened on 6 July in Diyarbak_r
State Security Court. After the hearing he and all imprisoned defendants were released
conditionally. The trial continues.
page 2 of UA 149/92...
While Yavuz Binbay was in prison, a police car reportedly smashed into his wife's
car and attempted to force it off the road. On the evening of 29 August, Yavuz Binbay's
car, parked in front of his house, was heavily damaged by acid and by being struck
with a hard object.
Although none of the 28 people named above has been killed, five journalists and local
correspondents working for the group of newspapers specifically mentioned in the
leaflet have been victims of mysterious attacks since it was issued. Four have been
killed by unidentified assailants and one survived, paralysed by a shot in the back
of his neck (see UA 258/92, EUR 44/70/92 of 6 August 1992, and UA 262/92, EUR 44/72/92
of 11 August 1992). No serious investigations into the killings appear to be taking
place and the Turkish Prime Minister is reported to have commented on their deaths
by saying, "Those killed were not real journalists. They were militants in the guise
of journalists. They kill each other".
Yavuz Binbay continues to receive death threats by telephone and there is grave concern
for his safety.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
- expressing grave concern for the safety of human rights activist Yavuz Binbay in
view of continuing death threats;
- noting the fact that more than 100 people have been killed in the Kurdish provinces
this year in circumstances leading to allegations of extrajudicial execution and that
no serious investigations appear to have been carried out into these unsolved murders;
- recommending that an independent commission is established to investigate such
allegations according to the United Nations Principles on the Effective Prevention
and Investigation of Extra-Legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions;
- urging that all necessary steps are taken to prevent such further killings.
1) Minister of the Interior:
Mr _smet Sezgin
_çi_leri Bakanl___
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 46369 ICSL TR
Faxes: + 90 4 418 1795
Salutation: Dear Minister
2) Prime Minister:
Mr Süleyman Demirel
Office of the Prime Minister
06573 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 44061/44062/44063 bbmt tr; 42099 basb tr; 42875 bbk tr
Faxes: + 90 4 417 04 76 PRIME MINISTER; + 90 4 230 88 96 (attn: Prime
Salutation: Dear Prime Minister
General Do_an Güre_
Chief of the Turkish General Staff
06100 Ankara, Turkey
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 23 October 1992.

Dans quelle langue voulez-vous lire le rapport ?