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EXTRA 58/93 - Turkey: fear of torture: Metin Turan, Murat Ozdemir

, N° d'index: EUR 44/053/1993

There are fears that Metin Turan and Murat Ozdemir are being interrogated under torture at the Anti-Terror Branch of Ankara Police Headquarters. Metin Turan, the lead singer of the music group "Grup Ekin" was detained at the airport in Antalya on 12 June 1993 when he returned home from a concert tour in Germany. Another member of the group had been detained during a raid by police on the Ekin Arts centre in Ankara in April (see EXTRA 38/93, EUR 44/40/93). Murat Ozdemir, the baglama player of "Grup Ekin" was detained on 11 June at Ankara Justice Building, when he went there to claim back items seized during the police raid on the Ekin Arts Centre. Seven people detained during this raid allege that they had been tortured in police custody.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/53/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA EXTRA 58/93 Fear of Torture 16 June 1993
TURKEY: Metin TURAN, lead singer of music group "Grup Ekin"
Murat ÖZDEMIR, ba_lama player of "Grup Ekin"
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of Metin Turan who was detained in Antalya
on 12 June 1993, and of Murat Özdemir who was detained in Ankara on the previous day.
Metin Turan was detained at the airport in Antalya when he arrived back home after a concert
tour of Germany. Other members of his music group had returned earlier, while he stayed
on to arrange further concerts abroad. One member of the group was detained in April when
police raided the Ekin Arts Centre in Ankara (see EXTRA 38/93, EUR 44/40/93, 21 April 1993)
and reportedly was tortured at Ankara Police Headquarters. Metin Turan may have been
transferred to Ankara.
Murat Özdemir was detained on 11 June at Ankara Justice Building, reportedly on the
orders of the prosecutor at Ankara State Security Court. Murat Özdemir had gone there to
claim back items that belonged to him and were being held by Ankara State Security Court
after they had been seized during the police raid on the Ekin Arts Centre in April.
Seven people detained during this raid gave written testimony to Amnesty International
alleging that they had been tortured at the Anti-Terror Branch of Ankara Police Headquarters.
It is feared that Metin Turan and Murat Özdemir are being interrogated under torture at
the Anti-Terror Branch of Ankara Police Headquarters.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Amnesty International has received many reports of torture at Ankara Police Headquarters,
and there were two deaths resulting from torture there in 1991. Ankara Police Headquarters
were visited on a number of occasions by the Committee for the Prevention of Torture (ECPT)
of the Council of Europe, of which Turkey is a member. In December 1992 the ECPT made its
findings public for the first time ever. The ECPT announced that during an impromptu visit
to Ankara Police Headquarters they had found "a low stretcher-type bed equipped with eight
straps (four each side), fitting perfectly the description of the item of furniture to
which persons had said they were secured when electric shocks were administered to them.
No credible explanation could be proffered for the presence of this bed in what was indicated
by a sign as being an `interrogation room' ... the delegation's discoveries caused
considerable consternation among police officers present; some expressed regret, others
defiance."
The ECPT concluded "that the practice of torture and other forms of severe ill-treatment
of persons in police custody remains widespread in Turkey and that such methods are applied
to both ordinary criminal suspects and persons held under anti-terrorist provisions".
Turkey ratified the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture on 25 February 1988
and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988. However, all information available
to Amnesty International indicates that torture is still widespread and systematic in Turkey.
Most allegations relate to ill-treatment of detainees in police custody during their initial
interrogation when they are usually denied access to relatives or a lawyer. New legislation
to shorten the maximum detention period came into force on 1 December 1992. Now the normal
maximum period of 24 hours, for which a non-political detainee may be held before being
formally charged or released, may be extended to eight days in cases of ordinary crimes
involving three or more suspects. Detainees held on suspicion of political offences to
be tried in State Security Courts
Page 2 of EXTRA 58/93
may be held without charge for 15 days. This period may be extended to 30 days in provinces
under emergency legislation or martial law. Emergency legislation is currently in force
in 10 provinces in the southeast of Turkey.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters
either in English, French or your own language:
- expressing concern for the safety of Metin Turan and Murat Özdemir, detained in Antalya
on 12 June and in Ankara on 11 June respectively, and believed to be held at the Anti-Terror
Branch of Ankara Police Headquarters;
- noting the findings of the ECPT regarding the practice of torture in Turkey as published
in its December 1992 report;
- urging that Metin Turan and Murat Özdemir be permitted access to their lawyers, that
they be brought promptly before a judge, and that they not be subjected to any form of
torture or ill-treatment;
- requesting to be informed of any charges brought against them.
APPEALS TO
1) Chief of Ankara Police: Salutation: Dear Sir
Mr Hasan Özdemir
Ankara Emniyet Müdürlü_ü
Ankara, TURKEY
Telegrams: Emniyet Müdürlü_ü, Ankara, Turkey
2) Prime Minister: Salutation: Dear Prime Minister
Mrs Tansu Çiller
Ba_bakanl_k
06573 Ankara, TURKEY
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telex: 44061/44062/44063 bbmt tr
42099 basb tr
42875 bbk tr
Faxes: +90 4 417 04 76 PRIME MINISTER
+90 4 230 88 96 (attn: Prime Minister)
3) President Süleyman Demirel: Salutation: Your Excellency
Office of the President
Devlet Ba_kanl___
06100 Ankara, TURKEY
Telegrams: President Demirel, Ankara, Turkey
Telex: 42303 kosk tr
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
President of the Parliamentary Human Rights Commission:
Mr Sabri Yavuz
_nsan Haklar_ Ara_t_rma Komisyonu Ba_kan_
TBMM
Ankara, TURKEY
Faxes: + 90 4 420 5394
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey accredited to your country. The World Conference
on Human Rights is being held in Austria this month and you can enhance the power of your
appeals by also sending copies to the diplomatic representative of Turkey in Austria during
June at the following address:
TURKISH EMBASSY:
The Ambassador
Botschaft der Türkei
Prinz-Eugen-Strasse 40, 1040 Wien
AUSTRIA
Faxes: + 43 1 505 36 60
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 26 June 1993.

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