EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/32/91
UA 91/91 Fear of Torture 11 March 1991
TURKEY: Ahmet TEKIN, aged 33, married with five children,
member of Turkish Human Rights Association
Ahmet Tekin, a member of the Turkish Human Rights Association (IHD), was detained
in Siirt during the last week of February. This is the ninth time he has been
detained during the past ten years. He is said to be held incommunicado at
the Gendarmerie Headquarters in Siirt and it is feared that he is again being
interrogated under torture.
Ahmet Tekin was most recently detained in Mersin on 12 November 1990.
He was held for 14 days, during which he was tortured. When he was taken for
medical examination at the end of his detention, the doctor declined to record
the cuts and bruises on his body. He was brought before a judge in Mersin,
formally arrested for "sheltering" guerrillas and committed to prison. After
two or three days he was released, but detained again immediately afterwards
and brought to Eruh Gendarmerie Headquarters. Here he was tortured again,
including being left lying on the floor in the toilet and urinated over. He
was charged and formally arrested, but later provisionally released. The
charges were dropped by Diyarbakir State Security Court on 31 January 1991.
He claimed that a month later it was suggested to him at Siirt Police
Headquarters that he should become a police agent.
Ahmet Tekin alleges that during one of his recent detentions he was told
that he had already four children and that they would make sure he would not
have any more. Electricity was applied particularly to his sexual organs,
he was hosed with pressurized cold water. The torture lasted for 12 days and
affected his health. He was about to go for treatment at the Torture Treatment
Centre in Ankara, when he was detained once again around 26 February.
Turkey has a Kurdish ethnic minority which is not officially recognized by
the authorities, but is estimated to number some 10 million people. The Kurdish
population lives mainly in southeastern Turkey. Frequent allegations of
torture and ill-treatment have been received from the region and the number
of torture allegations increased substantially after the 1980 military coup.
Since August 1984, when Kurdish guerrillas - members of the Kurdish Workers'
Party (PKK) - started armed attacks, an alarming number of reports of
ill-treatment of detainees by the security forces have come from the eastern
and southeastern provinces, where more than 2000 lives so far have been lost
in the continuing fighting.
In May 1990 the Turkish government issued Decrees 424 and 425 (in December
replaced by Decree 430), further extending the already extraordinary powers
of the Emergency Legislation Governor. Subsequently, in August 1990, the
government derogated from Articles 5, 6, 8, 10, 11 and 13 of the European
Convention on Human Rights, all of which contain important safeguards for human
Turkey ratified the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture
on 25 February 1988 and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988.
However, all information available to Amnesty International indicates that