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Turkey: fear of torture / possible extrajudicial execution: 29 people including Mehmet Colak, Mustafa Demirer, Filiz Gencer and the following five people who have been killed: Bedri Yagan, Gurcan Aydin, Menekse Meral, Rifat Kasap, Asiye Fatma Kasap

, N° d'index: EUR 44/026/1993

Twenty-nine people, includig the three named above, were detained on 6 March 1993 in a police operation in Istanbul against suspected members of the illegal armed opposition Devrimci Sol. They are being held incommunicado at the Anti-Terror Branch of Istanbul Police Headquarters. It is feared that they are being interrogated under torture. The other five people named above were killed by police in Istanbul on 6 March 1993, during the same operation. The police claim that they were killed in an armed clash but relatives and lawyers for the dead claim that they were extrajudicially executed.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/26/93
Distr: UA/SC
EXTRA 27/93 Fear of Torture/Possible Extrajudicial Execution 11 March 1993
TURKEY: 29 people including:
Mehmet Çolak
Mustafa Demirer
Filiz Gencer (female)
and the following five who have been killed:
Bedri Ya_an
Gürcan Ayd_n (Özgür)
Menek_e Meral (female)
R_fat Kasap
Asiye Fatma Kasap (female)
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of 29 people, including the three
named above. They were detained in a police operation in Istanbul against suspected
members of the illegal armed organization Devrimci Sol (Revolutionary Left) on 6
March 1993 and are now being held incommunicado at the Anti-Terror Branch of Istanbul
Police Headquarters. It is feared that they are being interrogated under torture.
Amnesty International is also concerned that the other five people named above, who
were killed by the police in Istanbul on 6 March 1993 during the same operation,
may have been victims of extrajudicial execution. The police raided a flat in the
Esentepe quarter of Kartal district of Istanbul at 9.30pm. Five of the residents,
three men and two women, were killed in the raid, and only two children, aged six
months and three years, survived. In a statement the police authorities claimed that
the five people, Bedri Ya_an, Gürcan Ayd_n (Özgür), Menek_e Meral, R_fat Kasap and
his wife Asiye Fatma Kasap, were killed in a clash, but relatives and lawyers of
those killed allege that they were victims of extrajudicial execution.
Neighbours have not said much about what they saw or heard, except that the incident
was all over in about 10 minutes: apparently first there was shouting so that they
thought it was a family row, then shooting. It appears that there were no bullet
holes outside the flat, and no police officers were wounded. After the raid a display
of weapons, a photocopier, medical materials and organization documents were shown
to the press.
Journalists, who would normally be admitted to the scene of such an incident soon
afterwards, were made to wait for over three hours outside the house. While waiting
they saw the police breaking the windows of the flat upstairs. The police claimed
that they had had to break in the door during the clash, but journalists reported
that the door was not damaged. According to newspaper reports, the father of Bedri
Ya_an stated: "The shots which caused the death of my son, were fired at the nape
of his neck. Is it possible for someone to be shot in the back of the neck during
a clash?" The autopsy report mentions in general terms the wounds which caused the
death, but does not give any details as to the location of the three bullets which
killed Bedri Ya_an, or the direction in which they entered or exited the body.
Devrimci Sol has accepted responsibility for dozens of killings of security personnel
and other targets in recent years. Since May 1991 38 people have been killed by the
security forces in six similar raids in Istanbul and Ankara. Any person suspected
of links with the organization and taken into detention is at grave risk of being
tortured during interrogation.
Page 2 of EXTRA 27/93
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Turkey ratified the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture on 25 February
1988 and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988. However, all information
available to Amnesty International indicates that torture is still widespread and
systematic in Turkey. Most allegations relate to ill-treatment of detainees in police
custody during their initial interrogation when they are usually denied access to
relatives or a lawyer. New legislation to shorten the maximum detention period came
into force on 1 December 1992. Now the normal maximum period of 24 hours, for which
a non-political detainee may be held before being formally charged or released, may
be extended to eight days in cases of ordinary crimes involving three or more suspects.
Detainees held on suspicion of political offences to be tried in State Security Courts
may be held without charge for 15 days. This period may be extended to 30 days in
provinces under emergency legislation or martial law. Emergency legislation is
currently in force in 10 provinces in the southeast.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters
either in English or in your own language:
- expressing concern for the safety of Mehmet Çolak, Mustafa Demirer, Filiz Gencer
and the 26 people detained with them on 6 March 1993 who have since been held
incommunicado at the Anti-Terror Branch of Istanbul Police Headquarters;
- urging that the detainees are not subjected to torture or any other form of
ill-treatment;
- seeking information as to any charges which may be brought against them;
and/or:
- urging that an impartial, independent and full investigation is conducted into
the killing of Bedri Ya_an, Gürcan Ayd_n (Özgür), Menek_e Meral, R_fat Kasap and
Asiye Fatma Kasap after a raid by the police in Istanbul on 6 March 1993;
- requesting that the methods and results of the investigation be made public, and
that you should be informed of its findings.
APPEALS TO
1) Istanbul Chief of Police:
Mr Necdet Menzir
Istanbul Emniyet Müdürü
_stanbul, Turkey
Telegrams: Emniyet Muduru, Istanbul,
Turkey
Telexes: 30811 IEHM TR
30812 EMMH TR
26177 IEMT TR
Fax: + 90 1 526 8100
Salutation: Dear Sir
2) Minister of the Interior:
Mr _smet Sezgin
_çi_leri Bakanl___
06644 Ankara
Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara,
Turkey
Telexes: 46369 ICSL TR
Faxes: + 90 4 418 1795
Salutation: Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
President of the Parliamentary Human Rights Commission:
Mr Sabri Yavuz
_nsan Haklar_ Ara_t_rma Komisyonu Ba_kan_
TBMM
Ankara, Turkey
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 21 March 1993.

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