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UA 33/92 - Turkey: possible extrajudicial execution: Harbi Arman

, N° d'index: EUR 44/013/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/13/92
Distr: UA/SC
UA 33/92 Possible Extrajudicial Execution 29 January 1992
TURKEY: Harbi Arman (31), a shopkeeper, married with 3 children
On 18 January 1992 the body of Harbi Arman, a Kurd and active board member of the
Malazgirt local branch of the People's Labour Party (HEP - a legally authorized
political party which is particularly concerned with issues relating to Turkey's
Kurdish minority), was found dead under a bridge near the village of Örnek, 24 km
north of Diyarbak_r.
In September 1991 seven people from Malazgirt had been detained and interrogated
at Mu_ Police Headquarters. During their interrogation it was alleged that Harbi
Arman had sheltered guerrillas of the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK), and one of the
detainees claimed that a police officer threatened him saying "We are going to kill
you and Harbi Arman unless you leave the province of Mu_". Amnesty International
was informed that some days after the detainees had been brought to court, Harbi
Arman heard that he was wanted by the police and presented himself at the police
station where he was detained for one day. Reportedly, no official record was made
of his detention and he was released without charge.
Harbi Arman told his brother that he had been informed by telephone that he was to
attend a hearing of the trial against the other detainees in the State Security Court
in Diyarbak_r on 15 January 1992. He left Malazgirt on 14 January, and a bus driver
confirmed that he arrived in Diyarbak_r the same day. Four days later Harbi Arman's
blindfolded body was found by villagers.
There have been allegations that this killing may have been carried out by members
of the security forces. There is a widespread belief in the area that this and other
killings and "disappearances" have been carried out by the kontrgerilla, an undercover
force allegedly engaged in secret operations against Kurdish separatist
organisations, but whose existence is denied by the government.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION:
Turkey has a Kurdish minority of some 10 million people living mainly in southeastern
Turkey. Since August 1984, when Kurdish guerrillas of the PKK started armed attacks,
a large number of reports of torture and ill-treatment of detainees by the security
forces have come from the eastern and southeastern provinces. During 1991 there was
an alarming increase in the number of allegations of extrajudicial execution and
"disappearance" in the area, and in November Amnesty International sent a memorandum
to Turkey's newly-formed government urging the independent and impartial
investigation of 25 allegations of "disappearance" and extrajudicial execution in
Turkey during 1991. Since May 1991 there have been at least 18 killings in the
Midyat/Nusaybin district alone in which the security forces have been implicated.
A number of local politicians have been targets of extrajudicial execution (see
Southeast Turkey: Attacks on Human Rights Activists and Killings of Local Politicians,
AI Index: EUR 44/114/91). Many of the victims have been active members of HEP. Vedat
Ayd_n, President of Diyarbak_r Branch of HEP, was taken from his house in Diyarbak_r
at around midnight on 5 July 1991 by several armed men who introduced themselves
as plainclothes police officers, and his body was found with 4 bullet wounds three
days later. On 10 January 1992 Mehmet Demir, Deputy Provincial President of HEP,
left his restaurant in Siirt, southeast
Page 2 of UA 33/92
Turkey, and has not been seen since. Abdurrahman Sö_ut, a member of the Nusaybin
branch of HEP was shot near his home in Nusaybin on 18 January 1992.
See also UA 414/91 (EUR 44/155/91, 27 November 1991) concerning the abduction and
killing of _smail Hakk_ Kocakaya in Diyarbak_r, and UA 446/91 (EUR 44/159/91, 17
December 1991) concerning the killing of Agit Akibe and _brahim Demir in Çukurlu,
near _dil, __rnak province.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- urging a prompt, impartial and thorough investigation into the killing of Harbi
Arman in the province of Diyarbak_r on or around 14 January 1992;
- recommending that the investigation should be carried out in accordance with
the procedures set out in the United Nations (UN) Principles on the Effective
Prevention and Investigation of Extra-Legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions and
in the "Manual on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-Legal, Arbitrary
and Summary Executions" (1991) published by the UN;
- pointing out that such an investigation would be the most effective way of preventing
further extrajudicial executions;
- urging that those found to be responsible for the killing of Harbi Arman should
be brought promptly to justice.
APPEALS TO
1) Prime Minister:
Mr Süleyman Demirel Dear Prime Minister
Office of the Prime Minister
Ba_bakanl_k
06573 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 44061/44062/44063 bbmt tr, 42099 basb tr, 42875 bbk tr
Faxes: + 90 41 17 04 76
+ 90 42 30 88 96 (mark both for the attention of the Prime Minister)
2) Minister of the Interior:
Mr _smet Sezgin Dear Minister
_çi_leri Bakanl___
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 46369 ICSL TR
Faxes: + 90 4 118 1795
COPIES TO:
President of the Parliamentary Human Rights Commission:
Mr Ahmet Türk
_nsan Haklar_ Ara_t_rma Komisyonu Ba_kan_
TBMM
Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: + 90 4 11 91 664 or + 90 4 42 06 941
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 11 March 1992.

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