EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/12/93
UA 44/93 "Disappearance"/Fear of Extrajudicial Killing 23 February 1993
TURKEY Metin Can, chairman of Human Rights Association (HRA) in Elaz__,
Dr Hasan Kaya, medical doctor
Amnesty International is seriously concerned for the safety of Metin Can,
chairman of the Human Rights Association (HRA) in Elaz__ and Dr Hasan Kaya,
a medical doctor who have "disappeared" in Elaz__ and are feared to have been
On the evening of 21 February 1993, Metin Can received a telephone call calling
him away from his home. He and his friend, the medical doctor Hasan Kaya, left
the house planning to be back two hours later. They did not return. On 22
February an unknown person telephoned the home of Metin Can and said: "We
killed Metin and Hasan. Our condolences!". Metin Can's car was found in the
Yaz_konak district of Elaz__ the same day.
On 23 February a relative of Metin Can was telephoned at the lawyer's home.
The caller claimed to be Dr Mehmet Savun Baran, according to newspapers, a
local guerrilla leader, who reportedly said "We will release Metin. He should
not go to Europe [Metin Can had been planning to travel to Europe the following
weekend to take part in a conference]. From now on he will be close to our
struggle". No mention was made of Dr Hasan Kaya. His family believe the phone
call may have been a deliberate attempt to create confusion about his
"disappearance". Metin Can's family have received no confirmation that he
is being held by the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK).
The Turkish Human Rights Association has been subject to constant official
harassment, particularly in the mainly Kurdish provinces which are under
emergency legislation. In the summer of 1991 there was a succession of bomb
attacks on branches and members of the HRA. Vedat Ayd_n, a board member of
the Diyarbak_r branch of the HRA was abducted and later killed in circumstances
which remain mysterious but suggest possible involvement of the security forces.
During celebrations of Nevruz (the Kurdish new year festival) in March 1992
security forces fired on the offices of the HRA in __rnak, and Yavuz Binbay,
president of the Human Rights Association in Van nearly died after having been
beaten by police.
Attacks against members of the HRA have been on the increase in recent months.
On 18 February Kemal K_l_ç, a board member of the _anl_urfa branch of the HRA
and a journalist, was attacked by four assailants who attempted to bind his
mouth and hands. When he resisted the attackers shot him twice in the head