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UA 44/93 - Turkey: "disappearance" / fear of extrajudicial killing: Metin Can, Dr Hasan Kaya

, N° d'index: EUR 44/012/1993

Metin Can, a lawyer and chairman of the Human Rights Association in Elazig and Dr Hasan Kaya, a medical doctor, have not been seen since being called from the home of Metin Can on 21 February 1993. On 22 February an unknown person telephoned the home of Metin Can, saying that the two men had been killed. Their car was found in Elazig the next day. On 23 February a relative was telephoned by someone claiming to represent the PKK, claiming to hold Metin Can. However, his family have received no confirmation that he is being held by the PKK and believe that the telephone call may be an attempt to create confusion. There are grave fears for the safety of the two men.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/12/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA 44/93 "Disappearance"/Fear of Extrajudicial Killing 23 February 1993
TURKEY Metin Can, chairman of Human Rights Association (HRA) in Elaz__,
lawyer
Dr Hasan Kaya, medical doctor
Amnesty International is seriously concerned for the safety of Metin Can,
chairman of the Human Rights Association (HRA) in Elaz__ and Dr Hasan Kaya,
a medical doctor who have "disappeared" in Elaz__ and are feared to have been
killed.
On the evening of 21 February 1993, Metin Can received a telephone call calling
him away from his home. He and his friend, the medical doctor Hasan Kaya, left
the house planning to be back two hours later. They did not return. On 22
February an unknown person telephoned the home of Metin Can and said: "We
killed Metin and Hasan. Our condolences!". Metin Can's car was found in the
Yaz_konak district of Elaz__ the same day.
On 23 February a relative of Metin Can was telephoned at the lawyer's home.
The caller claimed to be Dr Mehmet Savun Baran, according to newspapers, a
local guerrilla leader, who reportedly said "We will release Metin. He should
not go to Europe [Metin Can had been planning to travel to Europe the following
weekend to take part in a conference]. From now on he will be close to our
struggle". No mention was made of Dr Hasan Kaya. His family believe the phone
call may have been a deliberate attempt to create confusion about his
"disappearance". Metin Can's family have received no confirmation that he
is being held by the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK).
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
The Turkish Human Rights Association has been subject to constant official
harassment, particularly in the mainly Kurdish provinces which are under
emergency legislation. In the summer of 1991 there was a succession of bomb
attacks on branches and members of the HRA. Vedat Ayd_n, a board member of
the Diyarbak_r branch of the HRA was abducted and later killed in circumstances
which remain mysterious but suggest possible involvement of the security forces.
During celebrations of Nevruz (the Kurdish new year festival) in March 1992
security forces fired on the offices of the HRA in __rnak, and Yavuz Binbay,
president of the Human Rights Association in Van nearly died after having been
beaten by police.
Attacks against members of the HRA have been on the increase in recent months.
On 18 February Kemal K_l_ç, a board member of the _anl_urfa branch of the HRA
and a journalist, was attacked by four assailants who attempted to bind his
mouth and hands. When he resisted the attackers shot him twice in the head
before escaping.
Turkey has a Kurdish ethnic minority estimated to number some 10 million people
living mainly in southeastern Turkey. Since August 1984, when guerrillas of
the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK) started armed attacks against the security
forces, an alarming number of reports of ill-treatment of detainees by the
security forces have come from the eastern and southeastern provinces. In the
past 12 months there have been a number of reports of "disappearance" as well
as 360 political killings in the region without any serious efforts by the
authorities to investigate the crimes. More than 5,000 lives have so far been
lost on both sides and among the civilian population in the context of the
continuing fighting. Emergency legislation is in force in 10 provinces in the
region including Elaz__.
Page 2 of UA 44/93
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in English, German, French or your own language:
- expressing deep concern about the reported "disappearance" of the lawyer
Metin Can and Dr Hasan Kaya, and requesting that all efforts should be made
to establish their whereabouts;
- urging that all measures be taken to ensure the safety of officials of the
Turkish Human Rights Association (HRA).
APPEALS TO
1) Minister of the Interior: `
Mr _smet Sezgin
_çi_leri Bakanl___
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 46369 ICSL TR
Faxes: + 90 4 418 1795
Salutation: Dear Minister
2) Minister of Human Rights:
Mr Mehmet Kahraman
Devlet Bakan_
Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Inan Haklari Bakanligi, Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: + 90 4 419 15 35
Salutation: Dear Minister
3) Governor of Elaz__ Province:
Mr Do_an Ünlüsoy
Elaz__ Valili_i
Elaz__, Turkey
Telegrams: Elazig Valiligi, Elazig, Turkey
Salutation: Dear Governor
4) Chief of Elaz__ Police:
Mr Tuncay Kalabak
Elaz__ Emniyet Müdürlü_ü
Elaz__, Turkey
Telegrams: Elazig Muduru, Elazig, Turkey
Salutation: Dear Sir
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
President of the Parliamentary Human Rights Commission
Mr Sabri Yavuz
_nsan Haklar_ Ara_t_rma Komisyonu Ba_kan_
TBMM
Ankara, Turkey
and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 6 April 1993.

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