EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 41/08/94
UA 331/94 Death Penalty 9 September 1994
SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM Nguyen Si Tuan, 23 years old
The People's Court of Ha Noi has sentenced Nguyen Si Tuan to death for drug
trafficking. He is a native of the northern province of Lai Chau in Viet
Nam, and was arrested on 23 October 1993 in Ha Noi allegedly carrying 2.1 kg
of heroin in his rucksack.
In Viet Nam, immediately after a death sentence takes legal effect, the court
file is sent to the Chief Justice of the People's Supreme Court and a copy
of the judgement is also sent to the Chief Procurator of the Supreme People's
Organ of Control for review. Both must decide within two months whether or
not to protest the sentence imposed. Within a period of seven days from the
time of the death sentence, the convicted person may also submit an appeal
for clemency to Viet Nam's President.
In the past, most death sentences have been commuted to jail terms including
life imprisonment. The death penalty may be applied as a maximum sentence
for around 30 serious criminal offenses including smuggling, treason,
espionage, rebellion, murder, rape, defrauding socialist property, and bribery.
Amnesty International opposes the death penalty in all cases on the grounds
that it is a violation of the right to life and the right not to be subjected
to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment as proclaimed in the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/express and airmail letters either
in English or in your own language:
- expressing concern that Nguyen Si Tuan has been sentenced to death;
- stating Amnesty International's unconditional opposition to the death
- urging that all death sentences, including that of Nguyen Si Tuan, be commuted
and that no more death sentences be imposed.
Head of State
Le Duc Anh
Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
35 Ngo Quyen St.
Ha Noi, Socialist Republic of Viet Nam (SRV)
Telegrams: President Le Duc Anh, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
Salutation: Your Excellency
Chief Justice of the
Supreme People's Court